Current Affairs 2022

Parliament Passes Bill to End All Retrospective Taxation [06 Aug 2021]

A bill that aims to end all retrospective taxation imposed on indirect transfer of Indian assets was passed by the Lok Sabha on August 6, 2021. The Taxation Laws(Amendment) Bill 2021 was passed by Rajya Sabha on August 9, 2021. With this, all tax demands are made on companies like Cairn Energy and Vodafone using a 2012 legislation on indirect transfer of Indian assets prior to May 28, 2012 will be withdrawn.

The first National Heart Failure Biobank (NHFB) is inaugurated at the Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences [05 Aug 2021]

The first National Heart Failure Biobank (NHFB) is inaugurated at the Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST). The NHFB would collect blood, biopsies, and clinical data to provide insights into heart diseases and heart failures among Indian children and adults.

India win bronze in men’s hockey [05 Aug 2021]

India men's hockey team win bronze by beating mighty Germany 5-4, breaking their 41-year long medal drought at the Olympics.

KVIC’s Unique Plastic-Mixed Handmade Paper gets Patent for Invention [05 Aug 2021]

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has secured Patent registration for its innovative Plastic-mixed Handmade Paper developed to reduce plastic menace from nature. The patent certificate was issued to KVIC’s Kumarappa National Handmade Paper Institute (KNHPI), Jaipur, on 2nd August 2021, by the Controller of Patent, Intellectual Property of India. The idea of developing plastic-mixed handmade paper was invented in September 2018, and in just two months, i.e. in November 2018, the project was executed by the team of scientists at KNHPI. The plastic-mixed handmade paper was developed under Project REPLAN (REducing PLAstic from Nature). This is the first of its kind project in India, where plastic waste is de-structured, degraded, diluted and used with paper pulp while making handmade paper and thus reduces plastic waste from nature. The invention is aligned with the Prime Minister’s call for fighting the menace of single-use plastic.

VOC Port, the first Major Port to launch e-cars [05 Aug 2021]

The first batch of three e-cars was flagged off at the VO Chidambaranar Port Trust. These Tata Xpres-T electric vehicles have been supplied by M/s. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a Joint venture of Public Sector Undertaking (PSU), under the Ministry of Power, on a wet-lease basis, for a period of 6 years. Three more e-cars will be deployed in near future. As a part of the wet-lease agreement, EESL will also be providing Charging points at the Port, Insurance, Registration, deployment of drivers, and maintenance of the vehicles. VOC Port will pay monthly recurring costs to EESL. The EVs being deployed comprise a 21.50 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, capable of powering the vehicle for 231 Kilometres in a single charge. The battery pack would be powered by an AC charger set-up that can simultaneously charge three cars (3 outputs) at a time with an output power rating of 3.3kW per car. The charger set-up would be able to charge the battery from 0 to 100% in 8 hours. With zero tailpipe emission, each electric vehicle would reduce the GHG footprint by more than 1.5 Tonnes of CO2 every year.

Lovlina Borgohain ends with bronze medal in boxing [04 Aug 2021]

Lovlina Borgohain (69kg) signed off with a bronze medal in the Olympic Games after a comprehensive 0-5 loss to reigning world champion Busenaz Surmeneli.


Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) ‘Vikrant’ designed by Indian Navy's Directorate of Naval Design(DND) is being built at Cochin Shipyard Limited(CSL), a Public Sector Shipyard under Ministry of Shipping(MoS). IAC is a leading example of the nation’s quest for “Atma Nirbhar Bharat” with more than 76% indigenous content. This is the maiden attempt of the Indian Navy and Cochin Shipyard to indigenously design and build an Aircraft Carrier. The Indigenous Aircraft Carrier is 262 m long, 62 m at the widest part and height of 59 m including the superstructure. There are 14 decks in all, including five in the superstructure. The ship has over 2,300 compartments, designed for a crew of around 1700 people, including specialised cabins to accommodate women officers. The ship has been designed with a very high degree of automation for machinery operation, ship navigation and survivability, ‘Vikrant’ has a top speed of around 28 knots and cruising speed of 18 knots with an endurance of about 7,500 nautical miles. The ship can accommodate an assortment of fixed wing and rotary aircraft.

PM launches digital payment solution e-RUPI [02 Aug 2021]

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the digital payment solution e-RUPI, a person and purpose-specific digital payment solution, today via video conference. e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment. Addressing the event, the Prime Minister said that the eRUPI voucher is going to play a huge role in making DBT more effective in digital transactions in the country and will give a new dimension to digital governance. This will help everyone in targeted, transparent, and leakage-free delivery. He said e-RUPI is a symbol of how India is progressing by connecting people’s lives with technology.

Government has declared 23rd January as Parakram Diwas to commemorate 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose [02 Aug 2021]

The government of India is celebrating the 125th Birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Inaugural function of 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was organized at Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata on 23rd January 2021 which was presided over by Hon’ble Prime Minister. Commemorative coins and stamps on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose were released on the occasion. International Seminars were also organized on the 23rd January 2021 at Kolkata and 5th March 2021 at Jabalpur under the above commemoration. A high-Level Committee under the chairmanship of the Hon’ble Prime Minister has been constituted for the commemoration. The Committee includes distinguished persons, historians, authors, experts, family members of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose as well as eminent persons associated with Azad Hind Fauz (INA). A gazette notification was issued on 19th Jan 2021 on a declaration of 23rd January as Parakram Diwas every year.

Shri Deepak Das takes charge as new Controller General of Accounts (CGA) [01 Aug 2021]

Shri Deepak Das took charge as the new Controller General of Accounts. Shri Deepak Das is the 25th officer to hold the position of Controller General of Accounts (CGA). Shri Deepak Das, a 1986-batch Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) officer, is appointed by the Government of India as the Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, with effect from August 1, 2021.

Shri Deepak Das takes charge as new Controller General of Accounts (CGA) [01 Aug 2021]

Shri Deepak Das took charge as the new Controller General of Accounts. Shri Deepak Das is the 25th officer to hold the position of Controller General of Accounts (CGA). Shri Deepak Das, a 1986-batch Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) officer, is appointed by the Government of India as the Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, with effect from August 1, 2021.

Shuttler P V Sindhu bags bronze medal in Tokyo Olympics [01 Aug 2021]

Indian shuttler P V Sindhu won the bronze medal in the women’s single match in Tokyo Olympics today. PV Sindhu defeated He Bing Jiao of China by 21-13 and 21-15 in the bronze medal match and became the first Indian woman to win two Olympic medals. Sindhu won silver in Rio 2016.

P. V. Sindhu becomes the first Indian woman shuttler and the second Indian to win two consecutive individual medals [01 Aug 2021]

P. V. Sindhu becomes the first Indian woman shuttler and the second Indian to win two consecutive individual medals at the Olympics after she wins bronze at Tokyo Olympics 2020.

Jamaica’s Elaine Thompson Herah clocks women’s 100m race [31 Jul 2021]

Jamaica’s Elaine Thompson Herah clocks women’s 100m race in a record 10.61 seconds, to retain Olympic gold at Tokyo.

Mumbai-born Shailesh G Jejurikar, the newly appointed P&G global COO [31 Jul 2021]

Procter & Gamble has announced the appointment of Shailesh G Jejurikar as its global COO. This is the first time an Indian has been given the role at the US-based company, headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio. 54 years old Jejurikar, whose appointment is effective from October 1, will report to Jon R. Moeller, the new CEO of P&G, in his new role. Moeller, currently, is Vice Chairman and Chief Operation Officer at the company.

All-India Quota Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental courses [29 Jul 2021]

In a big decision, the Union Government announces a 27% reservation for OBCs and a 10% reservation for EWS in the all-India Quota Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental courses from the academic year 2021-22 onwards.

Basavaraj Bommai takes oath as Chief Minister of Karnataka [28 Jul 2021]

Basavaraj Bommai took oath as the new Chief Minister of Karnataka. The 61-year-old leader was administered the oath of office and secrecy by Governor Thaawarchand Gehlot at the Raj Bhavan, Bangalore.

Dholavira earns the coveted UNESCO’s World Heritage Site (WHS) tag [27 Jul 2021]

Dholavira, a Harappan-era metropolis in the Kutch region of Gujarat, earns the coveted UNESCO’s World Heritage Site (WHS) tag to become the fourth World Heritage Site in the state.

Kandla becomes first Green SEZ [26 Jul 2021]

Kandla SEZ (KASEZ) was awarded IGBC Platinum Rating. KASEZ is the First Green SEZ to achieve the IGBC Green Cities Platinum Rating for Existing Cities. The plaque was presented to the KASEZ team. The efforts of the KASEZ team were applauded especially noting the fact that this was accomplished in the Bhuj region where water conservation and afforestation are critical interventions. This was a major achievement and is part of activities envisaged under the commitment of the Government to the Green SEZs Mission as part of celebrations marking India@75 - Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav. 

India gets its 39th World Heritage Site [25 Jul 2021]

India’s nomination of Rudreswara Temple, (also known as the Ramappa Temple) at Palampet, Mulugu district, near Warangal in the state of Telangana has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. The decision was taken at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO. Ramappa Temple, a 13th-century engineering marvel named after its architect, Ramappa, was proposed by the government as its only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019.

Tokyo Olympics 2020 - Mirabai Chanu wins silver medal in weightlifting [24 Jul 2021]

Mirabai Chanu wins India’s first medal at Tokyo Olympics 2020: When one of India’s greatest moments in weightlifting was being hoisted into reality by the legendary Karnam Malleswari, at the Sydney Games in 2000, the state of Manipur was laying the ground for their own moment in the sun, albeit 21 years later. A generational effort that culminated in Mirabai Saikom Chanu’s monstrous 202-kg combined lift for the Tokyo Olympics silver medal in the 49-kg weightlifting category.

DRDO successfully flight-tests surface-to-air missile Akash-NG [21 Jul 2021]

Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight-tested the New Generation Akash Missile (Akash-NG), a surface-to-air Missile from Integrated Test Range (ITR) off the coast of Odisha. The flight trial was conducted from a land-based platform with all weapon system elements such as Multifunction Radar, Command, Control & Communication System and launcher participating in the deployment configuration. The missile system has been developed by Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories. The launch was witnessed by the representatives of the Indian Air Force. In order to capture flight data, ITR deployed a number of Range stations like Electro-Optical Tracking System, Radar and Telemetry. The flawless performance of the entire weapon system has been confirmed by complete flight data captured by these systems. During the test, the missile demonstrated the high manoeuvrability required for neutralising fast and agile aerial threats. Once deployed, the Akash-NG weapon system will prove to be a force multiplier for the air defence capability of the Indian Air Force. Production agencies Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) also participated in the trials.

Indian film director Ms. Payal Kapadia’s “A Night of Knowing Nothing” wins the Oeil d’or (Golden Eye) award [17 Jul 2021]

Indian film director Ms. Payal Kapadia’s “A Night of Knowing Nothing” wins the Oeil d'Or (Golden Eye) award for the Best Documentary at the 74th Cannes Film Festival 2021 in France. French film “Titane” wins the Palme d'Or, making its director Ms. Julia Ducournau just the second female filmmaker to win the festival’s top honor in its 74-year history. Ms. Renate Reinsve bags the Best Actress award for her role in the film “The Worst Person in the World” while Mr. Caleb Landry Jones wins the Best Actor award for his role in “Nitram”. Iranian director Mr. Ashgar Farhadi and Finnish Mr. Juho Kuosmanen share the Grand Prix award for their films “A Hero” (Iran) and “Compartment No. 6” (Finland), respectively.

India targets Rs.100 billion Blue Economy [15 Jul 2021]

India aims to achieve the Rs.100 billion Blue Economy through its Deep Ocean Mission(DOM) and ocean resources in the coming years. According to Science and Technology Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh. Deep Ocean Mission will also have far-reaching benefits for the common man as it could help in providing clean drinking water and explore the avenues of desalination of water as well as extracting minerals from the ocean belt. Deep ocean Mission planned by the Ministry of Earth Science will be carried out in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It will be a major step in the direction of integrating and bringing together the efforts of the different streams of science operating under different MInistries in the Government.

ISRO successfully tests Vikas engine for Gaganyaan mission [14 Jul 2021]

The Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) successfully conducted the third long-duration hot test of the liquid propellant Vikas engine for the Gaganyaan programme, the country's first manned mission to space.

NTPC to set up India’s single largest solar park at Rann of Kutch [13 Jul 2021]

NTPC Renewable Energy Ltd, a 100% subsidiary of NTPC, has received the go-ahead from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) to set up a 4750 MW renewable energy park at Rann of Kutch in Khavada, Gujarat. This will be India’s largest solar park to be built by the largest power producer in the country. NTPC Renewable Energy Ltd (NTPC REL), has been given the go-ahead by MNRE on 12th July 2021 under Mode 8 (Ultra Mega Renewable Energy Power Park) of the Solar Park Scheme. NTPC REL has plans to generate green hydrogen on a commercial scale from this park. As a part of its green energy portfolio augmentation, NTPC Ltd, India’s largest energy integrated company aims to build 60 GW Renewable Energy Capacity by 2032. Currently, the state-owned power major has an installed capacity of 66 GW across 70 power projects with an additional 18 GW under construction. Recently, NTPC has also commissioned India’s largest Floating Solar of 10 MW (ac) on the reservoir of Simhadri Thermal Power Plant, Andhra Pradesh. An additional 15 MW (ac) would be commissioned by August 2021. Further, a 100 MW Floating Solar Project on the reservoir of Ramagundam Thermal Power Plant, Telangana is in the advanced stage of implementation. Additionally, NTPC RE Ltd. has recently signed an MoU with UT, Ladakh, and Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC) for the generation of green hydrogen and deployment on FCEV buses. The signing of the MoU was also marked with the inauguration of NTPC’s first solar installations in Leh in form of solar trees and a solar car port. 

Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba becomes Nepal's Prime Minister [13 Jul 2021]

Veteran Nepal Congress leader Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba becomes his country’s Prime Minister for a record fifth time after the Supreme Court’s intervention.

Chris Gayle becomes first Cricketer in the world to score 14000 run in T20 [13 Jul 2021]

The West Indies' explosive batsman Chris Gayle scripted history in the shortest format of cricket when he became the first cricketer in the world to score 14000 runs in T20 format

Assam Cattle Preservation Bill 2021 [12 Jul 2021]

Assam Chief Minister Mr. Himanta Biswa Sarma table in the State Assembly the Assam Cattle Preservation Bill 2021 that proposes to prohibit inter-state as well as with in the state transport of cattlewithout valid documents, selling and buying of beef in areas inhabited by non-beef eating communities as well as within a radious of 5 km of any temple.

Indian stem cell & developmental biologist part of WHO advisory committee on human genome editing [12 Jul 2021]

Indian stem cell and developmental biologist Prof. Maneesha S Inamdar has been part of the WHO Expert Advisory Committee on Developing Global Standards for Governance and Oversight of Human Genome Editing, which released two new companion reports providing the first global recommendations to help ensure that human genome editing is used for public health, with an emphasis on safety, effectiveness, and ethics. The reports, released on July 12, 2021, contained a forward-looking Governance Framework for oversight mechanisms for research into and potential application of human genome editing technology at institutional, national, regional, and international levels. Professor Maneesha S Inamdar, along with her group, is conducting research at the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru, an autonomous Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) that uses gene-editing tools to manipulate stem cells in vitro. This can generate disease models for scientific insight into human development and devising therapeutic strategies. She pioneered human embryonic stem cell derivation and use in India and has contributed significantly to national and international stem cell guidance documents, ethics committees, and training programs.

As part of the WHO Committee, she contributed scientific knowledge and perspective to provide guidance, expertise, and support throughout the project for the conceptualization and development of the WHO Governance Framework and Recommendations on Human Genome Editing. Representing the LMIC countries in Asia, she contributed with the Committee towards ensuring that in addition to scientific considerations, procedural and substantive values and principles such as inclusiveness, diversity, equity, and global health justice identified by the Committee, informed decisions. She is a member of the Education, Engagement, and Empowerment (3E) subgroup of the Committee, and as part of the committee, she was also involved in making recommendations to the Secretariat and WHO Director-General on global governance structures for human genome editing, considering the relevant broader issues associated with oversight and governance of emerging technologies.

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