Current Affairs 2023

India's Largest Rocket Makes Maiden Commercial Flight with heaviest payload [23 Oct 2022]

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched its Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark-3 (also designated LVM3) carrying 36 OneWeb satellites, from Satis Dhawan Space Centre. The launch marks the first dedicated commercial launch for New Space India Limited (NSIL) using the LVM3 rocket. This was the first LVM3 dedicated commercial launch on demand through NSIL, a Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) under the department of Space and the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). This was also the first multi-satellite launch of LVM3 to LEO (Low Earth Orbit) and the first Indian rocket with a 6-tone payload.

Giorgia Meloni elected as first Woman Prime Minister of Itali [22 Oct 2022]

Giorgia Meloni becomes Italy's first woman Prime Minister at the head of its most right-wing government since World War II after leading a conservative alliance to triumph at the election. Meloni take over from Prime Minister Mario Draghi, the former head of the European Central Bank, who pushed Rome to the center of EU policy-making during his 18-month stint in office, forging close ties with Paris and Berlin. The Italian far-right leader Meloni's party came top in general elections. Leading the next government, she will work for the betterment of all Italians.

Shri Jaxay Shah nominated as the new Chairman of Quality Council of India [21 Oct 2022]

Shri Jaxay Shah, former Chairman of CREDAI and founder Chairman of Savvy Group has been appointed as the Chairman of Quality Council of India (QCI) for a period of three years effective from 21st October 2022. The incumbent chairman succeeds the former McKinsey India Chief Shri Adil Zainulbhai who served as the Chairman of QCI through three terms for a period of eight years from 2014 to 2022. Shri Jaxay Shah has been appointed based on his vast industry experience which shall contribute to further propelling the wheels of Quality, a legacy established by the former Chairpersons of QCI. Shri Shah founded one of India’s largest infrastructure conglomerates, the Savvy Group in 1996 and held the position of national chairman of CREDAI, the apex body of private Real Estate developers in India. In addition, he also holds the position of the Chairman of the ASSOCHAM Western Region Development Council and serves as the Advisor at the PharmEasy Accelerator Program, which offers 1 lakh+ medicine and health products.

CCI imposes a monetary penalty of Rs. 1337.76 crore on Google [20 Oct 2022]

The Competition Commission of India (Commission) has imposed a penalty of Rs. 1,337.76 crores on Google for abusing its dominant position in multiple markets in the Android Mobile device ecosystem, apart from issuing cease and desist orders. The CCI also directed Google to modify its conduct within a defined timeline. Smart mobile devices need an operating system (OS) to run applications (apps) and programs. Android is one such mobile operating system that was acquired by Google in 2005. The CCI in the instant matter has examined various practices of Google w.r.t. licensing of this Android mobile operating system and various proprietary mobile applications of Google (e.g. Play Store, Google Search, Google Chrome, YouTube, etc.). During the course of the inquiry, Google argued about the competitive constraints being faced from Apple. In relation to understanding the extent of competition between Google’s Android ecosystem and Apple’s iOS ecosystem, the CCI noted the differences in the two business models which affect the underlying incentives of business decisions. Apple’s business is primarily based on a vertically integrated smart device ecosystem that focuses on the sale of high-end smart devices with state-of-the-art software components. Whereas Google’s business was found to be driven by the ultimate intent of increasing users on its platforms so that they interact with its revenue-earning service i.e., an online search which directly affects the sale of online advertising services by Google.

Yunqing Tang Chosen for SASTRA Ramanujan Prize for 2022 [20 Oct 2022]

Yunqing Tang, Assistant Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A, was declared winner of the SASTRA Ramanujan Prize for 2022 in October 2022 for her great contribution to the field of mathematics. Ms. Yunqing, born in China, completed her B.Sc. at Peking University in 2011, following which she went to Harvard University for higher studies. She completed her Ph.D. in 2016 at Harvard under the supervision of Mark Kisin. After stints at Princeton University as a postdoctoral fellow, Instructor, and Assistant Professor, she joined UC Berkeley in July 2022 as Assistant Professor.

The award, instituted by the Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA) in 2005 with a cash prize of $10,000, is presented annually to individuals aged 32 and below, who made outstanding contributions in the field of mathematics.

PM Shri Narendra Modi unveils indigenous trainer aircraft HTT-40, designed & developed by HAL, during DefExpo 2022 [19 Oct 2022]

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi unveiled HTT-40, an indigenous trainer aircraft designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), at the India Pavilion during 12th DefExpo in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. The HTT-40 would be used for basic flight training, aerobatics, instrument flying and close formation flights whereas its secondary roles would include navigation and night flying. It is a testament to the cutting-edge technology designed to meet the primary training requirements of the Indian defense services. Built around a meticulously-tested turbo-prop engine, the aircraft is equipped with the latest avionics, an air-conditioned cabin, and ejection seats. It boasts of unique features like running change-over of pilots, hot-refueling, and short-turnaround time. All the tests required for certification were completed in a record six years from the first flight. The HTT-40 has completed all systems tests, all PSQR performances, hot weather, sea level, and cross-wind trials, and user-assisted technical trials. It demonstrated rainwater resistance. Provisional clearance for the airworthiness of the aircraft is received from the Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC).

Shri R. K Singh inaugurates the 5th Assembly of the International Solar Alliance [18 Oct 2022]

The Fifth Assembly of the International Solar Alliance was inaugurated today by Shri Raj Kumar Singh, Minister of Power and New & Renewable Energy, India in his capacity as the President, of the International Solar Alliance. The Republic of India holds the office of the President of the ISA Assembly, with the Government of France as Co-President. Ministers from 20 countries and delegates from across 110 Member and Signatory countries and 18 prospective countries joined the inaugural ceremony of the 5th ISA Assembly.

Path to Pride: biggest-ever DefExpo, exclusively for Indian companies, opens in Gandhinagar, Gujarat [18 Oct 2022]

Gandhinagar, the capital of Gujarat, hosts India’s biggest-ever defense exhibition till date - DefExpo 2022 – between October 18-22, 2022. This 12th edition of the event has been organized on the theme ‘Path to Pride’. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi was present at the inaugural ceremony on October 19.

90th INTERPOL General Assembly [18 Oct 2022]

90th INTERPOL General Assembly held in New Delhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated this assembly in presence of Home Minister Shri Amit Shah, Interpol President Shri Ahmed Naser Al-Raisi, Interpol Secretary General Shri Jurgen Stock, Director of CBI Shri S.K. Jaiswal, Distinguished Delegates, and Participants.

Shehan Karunatilaka Wins Booker Prize 2022 for 'The Seven Moons of Maali Almeida' [17 Oct 2022]

Sri Lankan novelist Shehan Karunatilaka won the Booker Prize for fiction 2022 for his book The Seven Moons of Maali Almeida as Britain's Queen Camilla presented the coveted honour to Shehan in London. Karunatilaka is the second Sri Lankan-born author to win the Booker Prize since it was founded in 1969, following Michael Ondaatje, whose novel "The English Patient" won in 1992. The Booker-winning novel tells the story of a dead war photo¬grapher on a mission in the afterlife.

Indian Women Win Women's Asia Cup 2022 [15 Oct 2022]

Indian Women's cricket team emerged champion of the Women's Asia Cup 2022, the most prestigious trophy of women's cricket in Asia, as India registered a thumping eight-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the final at Sylhet International Cricket Stadium, Sylhet.

Global Hunger Report 2022 [15 Oct 2022]

A consistent effort is yet again visible to taint India’s image as a Nation that does not fulfill the food security and nutritional requirements of its population. Misinformation seems to be the hallmark of the annually released Global Hunger Index. The Global Hunger Report 2022 released by Concern Worldwide and Welt Hunger Hilfe, Non-Government Organisations from Ireland and Germany respectively, has ranked India at 107 among 121 countries. The index is an erroneous measure of hunger and suffers from serious methodological issues. Three out of the four indicators used for the calculation of the index are related to the health of Children and cannot be representative of the entire population. The fourth and most important indicator estimate of the Proportion of the Undernourished (PoU) population is based on an opinion poll conducted on a very small sample size of 3000.

Jeremy Hunt appointed new finance minister of UK after Kwasi Kwarteng's ouster [14 Oct 2022]

British Prime Minister Liz Truss appointed centrist Jeremy Hunt, a former candidate for the Conservative leadership, as her new finance minister in place of sacked Kwasi Kwarteng.

Madhya Pradesh Wildlife Board approved a new tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh [14 Oct 2022]

Madhya Pradesh Wildlife Board approved a new reserve for tigers in Madhya Pradesh. The 2,339 square kilometers new tiger reserve, to be called Durgavati Tiger Reserve, will spread across Narisinghpur, Damoh, and Sagar districts. A green corridor linking Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR) with Durgavati will be developed for the natural movement of the tiger to the new reserve. The Board's meeting, chaired by Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, approved a proposal to notify 1,414 sq km area as core area and 925 sq km as a buffer in the new tiger reserve.

Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences 2022 [10 Oct 2022]

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2022 to Ben S. Bernanke (The Brookings Institution, Washington DC, USA), Douglas W. Diamond (University of Chicago, IL, USA), and Philip H. Dybvig (Washington University in St. Louis, MO, USA) "for research on banks and financial crises".

China launched its first comprehensive solar Observatory [09 Oct 2022]

China launched its first comprehensive solar probe, the Advanced Space-based Solar Observatory (ASO- S) atop a Long March-2D carrier rocket from northwest China's Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. China's ASO-S has been nicknamed Kuafu-1. It's the world’s first near-Earth satellite telescope to simultaneously monitor solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and the sun's magnetic field. The instruments on board the observatory include a magnetograph to study the Sun's magnetic field, an X-ray imager for studying the high-energy radiations released by electrons accelerated in solar flares, and a coronagraph which will look at the Sun in the ultraviolet visible range.

PM declares Modhera as India's First Solar Powered Village [09 Oct 2022]

The Prime Minister declared the village of Modhera as India's first 24x7 solar-powered village. The earlier Modhera was known as Surya Mandir but now Surya Mandir has inspired Saur Gram and that has made a place on the environment and energy map of the world.

Nobel Peace Prize 2022 [08 Oct 2022]

The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to human rights advocate Ales Bialiatski from Belarus, the Russian human rights organization Memorial, and the Ukrainian human rights organization Center for Civil Liberties.

Government approves creation of Weapon Systems branch in Indian Air Force [08 Oct 2022]

In a historic step for the Indian Air Force (IAF), Government has approved the creation of a new branch, called the Weapon Systems (WS) branch. The creation of WS branch would entail the unification of all weapon system operators under one entity dedicated to the operational employment of all ground-based and specialist airborne weapon systems. The branch would encompass operators in four specialized streams of Surface-to-Surface missiles, Surface-to-Air missiles, Remotely Piloted Aircraft, and Weapon System Operators in twin/multi-crew aircraft. The branch will contribute immensely by enhancing the warfighting capability of the Indian Air Force.

Nobel Prize in Literature 2022 [07 Oct 2022]

The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2022 is awarded to the French author Annie Ernaux "for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory". In her writing, Ernaux consistently and from different angles, examines a life marked by strong disparities regarding gender, language, and class. Her path to authorship was long and arduous.

Harmanpreet Singh Named FIH Player of the Year for Second Consecutive Year [07 Oct 2022]

Indian defender Harmanpreet Singh was chosen for the FIH Player of the Year honour in the men's category for the second successive time. He became just the fourth player to win the Player of the Year award (men's category) in consecutive years, joining an elite list that includes Teun De Nooijer (Netherlands), Jamie Dwyer (Australia), and Arthur van Doren (Belgium). Harmanpreet's total points tally for the FIH Player of the year award stood at 29-4 points, followed by Thierry Brinkmann with 23-6 points and Tom Boon with 23-4 points.

In the Women's category, Felice Albers of the Nether¬lands was named the FIH Player of the Year. The 22-year-old became the youngest winner of the FIH Player of the Year award (women's category) since Germany's Natascha Keller (1999).

RBI launched its advanced supervisory monitoring system [06 Oct 2022]

Reserve Bank of India Governor Shaktikanta Das launched a new 'SupTech' initiative DAKSH—the bank's Advanced Supervisory Monitoring System, which is expected to make the supervisory processes more effective and powerful. DAKSH means 'efficient' & 'competent', reflecting the underlying capabilities of the application. The new system is a web-based end-to-end workflow application through which RBI shall monitor compliance requirements in a more focused manner with the objective of further improving the compliance culture in Supervised Entities (SEs) like Banks, NBFCs, etc.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2022 [06 Oct 2022]

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2022 to Carolyn R. Bertozzi (Stanford University, CA, USA), Morten Meldal (University of Copenhagen, Denmark), and K. Barry Sharpless (Scripps Research, La Jolla, CA, USA) "for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry".

Nobel Prize in Physics 2022 [04 Oct 2022]

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2022 to Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser, Anton Zeilinger "for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science".

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2022 [03 Oct 2022]

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Svante Pääbo "for his discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution".

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh formally inducted the indigenously-developed Light Combat Helicopters (LCH) in the Indian Air Force [03 Oct 2022]

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh formally inducted the indigenously-developed Light Combat Helicopters (LCH) in the Indian Air Force at a ceremony held at Air Force Station, Jodhpur in Rajasthan. The LCH named 'Prachanda' would be inducted into the 143 Helicopter Unit. Prachanda LCH developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) is a state-of-the-art modern combat helicopter, primarily designed for deployment in high-altitude regions. LCH is the only attack helicopter in the world that can land and take off at an altitude of 5,000 m with a considerable load of weapons and fuel. This helicopter is powered by two Shakti engines and is equipped with stealth features, all-weather combat capability, armor protection, night attack capability, and crash-worthy landing gear.

PM launches 5G Services [01 Oct 2022]

Ushering in a new technological era, the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi launched 5G services in Pragati Maidan, New Delhi. The Prime Minister also inaugurated the sixth edition of the India Mobile Congress and also witnessed the IMC Exhibition that was put on the occasion.

Asha Parekh honoured with Dadasaheb Phalke Award, 2020 [30 Sep 2022]

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2020 to the legendary actress Ms. Asha Parekh. The award will be presented at the National Film Award ceremony in New Delhi. Ms. Asha Parekh is a renowned film actress, director and producer, and an accomplished Indian classical dancer. Starting her career as a child actor she made her debut as the lead heroine in Dil Deke Dekho and has gone on to act in over 95 movies. She has acted in celebrated films like Kati Patang, Teesri Manzil, Love in Tokyo, Aya Saawan Jhoom Ke, Aan Milo Sajna, and Mera Gaon Mera Desh. Ms. Asha Parekh was conferred the Padma Shri in 1992. She also served as the head of the Central Board for Film Certification from 1998-2001.

India climbs to the 40th rank in the Global Innovation Index of WIPO [29 Sep 2022]

India had come a long way in the Global Innovation Index (GII) from the 81st spot in 2015 to the 40th spot in 2022. The Global Innovation Index (GII) is published by World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

PM declares 36th National Games open in Ahmedabad [29 Sep 2022]

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi declared the 36th National Games open at Narendra Modi Stadium in Ahmedabad. National Games are being held in the state of Gujarat for the very first time. It will be organised from 29th September to 12th October 2022. Nearly 15,000 sportspersons, coaches, and officials from across the country will be participating in 36 sports disciplines, making it the biggest National Games ever. The sporting events will be organised in six cities of Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot and Bhavnagar. Under the leadership of the then Chief Minister and the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Gujarat embarked on the journey to create a robust sports infrastructure of international standards, which helped the state to prepare for the games in a very short span of time.

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