Bharat Ratna Award

Bharat RatnaBharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954.

The original specifications for the award called for a circular gold medal, 35 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend "Bharat Ratna" above and a floral wreath below. The reverse was to carry the state emblem and motto. It was to be worn around the neck from a white ribbon. This design was altered after a year.

The first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. Since then, many dignitaries, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career has received this coveted award.

List of recipients

Madan Mohan Malaviya2015Posthumous, Scholar and educational reformer and founder of Banaras Hindu University.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee2015Ex-prime Minister and one of the best parliamentarian for over four decades.
Sachin Tendulkar2014
C. N. R. Rao2014
Bhimsen Joshi2009Hindustani classical singer
Bismillah Khan2001Hindustani classical shehnai player
Lata Mangeshkar2001Playback singer
Gopinath Bordoloi1999Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam
Amartya Sen1999Economist from Kolkata and a Noble laureate
Ravi Shankar1999Sitar player from Calcutta
Jayaprakash Narayan1998Posthumous, independence activist and politician
Chidambaram Subramaniam1998Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture
M. S. Subbulakshmi1998Carnatic classical singer
Aruna Asaf Ali1997Posthumous, independence activist
Gulzarilal Nanda1997Independence activist, interim Prime Minister
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam1997Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India
Satyajit Ray1992Bengali Filmmaker
J. R. D. Tata1992Industrialist and philanthropist
Abul Kalam Azad1992Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education
Morarji Desai1991Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister
Vallabhbhai Patel1991Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister,Was responsible for unification of all Indian princely states.
Rajiv Gandhi1991Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister.
Nelson Mandela1990Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement and Noble laureate
B. R. Ambedkar1990Posthumous, Chief architect of the Indian Constitution,Crusader against Untouchability, Dalit Icon, Social Reformer, Historian, politician, economist, and scholar
M. G. Ramachandran1988Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987First non-citizen, independence activist
Vinoba Bhave1983Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist
Mother Teresa of Calcutta1980Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata and Noble laureate
K. Kamaraj1976Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State
V. V. Giri1975Trade unionist and fourth President
Indira Gandhi1971Third Prime Minister,The First Woman Prime Minister of India(1966-1977,1980-1984)
Lal Bahadur Shastri1966Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister
Pandurang Vaman Kane1963Indologist and Sanskrit scholar
Zakir Hussain1963Independence activist, Scholar, third President
Rajendra Prasad1962Independence activist, jurist, first President
Purushottam Das Tandon1961Independence activist, educator
Bidhan Chandra Roy1961A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker. He is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal"
Dhondo Keshav Karve1958Educator, social reformer
Govind Ballabh Pant1957Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru1955Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya1955Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore
Bhagwan Das1955Independence activist, author, Founder of Kashi Vidya Peeth
Radhakrishnan1954Philosopher, India''s First Vice President (1952-1962), and India''s Second President(1962-1967)
C. V. Raman1954Physicist from Madras and a Nobel laureate
C Rajagopalachari1954Independence activist, last and the only Indian Governor-General of India

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