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Current Affairs 2016

Murray wins Shanghai Masters

Andy Murray defeated Roberto Bautista as he won the Shanghai Masters without dropping a set and slashed the gap on World No. 1 Novak Djokovic. The Wimbledon and Olympic champion won seven points in a row in the first-set tie-breaker and broke Bautista three times in the second set to lift his third Shanghai title.

Employment News

Central Council For Research In Homoeopathy, New Delhi www.ccrhindia.org invites applications for Pharmacist - 2 posts : 1 UR, 1 OBC Refer Website or Employment News dated 4-10 June 2016...


Bharat RatnaBharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954.

The original specifications for the award called for a circular gold medal, 35 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend "Bharat Ratna" above and a floral wreath below. The reverse was to carry the state emblem and motto. It was to be worn around the neck from a white ribbon. This design was altered after a year.

The first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. Since then, many dignitaries, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career has received this coveted award.

List of recipients

Sachin Tendulkar2014
C. N. R. Rao2014
Bhimsen Joshi2009Hindustani classical singer
Bismillah Khan2001Hindustani classical shehnai player
Lata Mangeshkar2001Playback singer
Gopinath Bordoloi1999Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam
Amartya Sen1999Economist from Kolkata and a Noble laureate
Ravi Shankar1999Sitar player from Calcutta
Jayaprakash Narayan1998Posthumous, independence activist and politician
Chidambaram Subramaniam1998Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture
M. S. Subbulakshmi1998Carnatic classical singer
Aruna Asaf Ali1997Posthumous, independence activist
Gulzarilal Nanda1997Independence activist, interim Prime Minister
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam1997Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India
Satyajit Ray1992Bengali Filmmaker
J. R. D. Tata1992Industrialist and philanthropist
Abul Kalam Azad1992Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education
Morarji Desai1991Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister
Vallabhbhai Patel1991Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister,Was responsible for unification of all Indian princely states.
Rajiv Gandhi1991Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister.
Nelson Mandela1990Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement and Noble laureate
B. R. Ambedkar1990Posthumous, Chief architect of the Indian Constitution,Crusader against Untouchability, Dalit Icon, Social Reformer, Historian, politician, economist, and scholar
M. G. Ramachandran1988Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987First non-citizen, independence activist
Vinoba Bhave1983Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist
Mother Teresa of Calcutta1980Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata and Noble laureate
K. Kamaraj1976Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State
V. V. Giri1975Trade unionist and fourth President
Indira Gandhi1971Third Prime Minister,The First Woman Prime Minister of India(1966-1977,1980-1984)
Lal Bahadur Shastri1966Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister
Pandurang Vaman Kane1963Indologist and Sanskrit scholar
Zakir Hussain1963Independence activist, Scholar, third President
Rajendra Prasad1962Independence activist, jurist, first President
Purushottam Das Tandon1961Independence activist, educator
Bidhan Chandra Roy1961Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal
Dhondo Keshav Karve1958Educator, social reformer
Govind Ballabh Pant1957Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru1955Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya1955Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore
Bhagwan Das1955Independence activist, author, Founder of Kashi Vidya Peeth
Radhakrishnan1954Philosopher, India's First Vice President (1952-1962), and India's Second President(1962-1967)
C. V. Raman1954Physicist from Madras and a Nobel laureate
C Rajagopalachari1954Independence activist, last and the only Indian Governor-General of India

Padma Awards 2015

Padma Vibhushan 2015Name of the Awardee Discipline Shri L. K. Advani Public Affairs Shri Amitabh Bachchan Art Shri Prakash Singh Badal Public Affairs Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade Social Work Shri Mohammad Yusuf Khan alias Dilip Kumar Art Shri Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Swami Rambhadracharya Others Prof. Malur Ramaswamy Srinivasan Science and Engineering Shri Kottayan K. Venugopal Public Affairs Shri Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan (Foreigner) Trade and Industry Padma Bhushan 2015Shri Jahnu Barua Art Dr. Vijay Bhatkar Science and Engineering Shri Swapan Dasgupta Literature and Education Swami Satyamitranand Giri Others Shri N. Gopalaswami Civil Service Dr. Subhash C. Kashyap Public Affairs Dr. (Pandit) Gokulotsavji Maharaj Art Dr. Ambrish Mithal Medicine Smt. Sudha Ragunathan Art Shri Harish Salve Public Affairs Dr. Ashok Seth Medicine Shri Rajat Sharma Literature and Education Shri Satpal Sports Shri Shivakumara Swami Others Dr. Kharag Singh Valdiya Science and Engineerin ...

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What is Higgs boson?

The Higgs boson is a particle in the standard model of particle physics. Its existence was postulated in 1960s, to explain why the tiny particles that make up atoms have mass. Physicist Peter Higgs and 5 other theoretical physicists proposed that an invisible field lying across the universe gives particles their mass, allowing them to clump together to form stars and planets. Prof. Higgs predicted that this field, the Higgs Field, would have a signature particle, a massive boson. Finding it would point towards the existence of the field. Why God particle? The Higgs is the last missing piece of the standard model, the theory that describes the basic building blocks of the universe. The other 11 particles predicted by the model have been found~the Higgs is the last jigsaw piece. If the particle was not shown to exist, it would have meant tearing up of the standard model and going back to the drawing board. The Indian Connection Scientists from the Saha Institute of Nucle ...

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Genetically Modified Food or Crops

Genetic Modification Genetic modification refers to techniques used to manipulate the genetic composition of an organism by adding specific useful genes. A gene is a sequence of DNA that contains information that determines a particular characteristic/trait. All organisms have DNA (genes). Genes are located in chromosomes. Genes are units of inheritance that are passed from one generation to the next and provide instructions for development and function of the organism. Crops that are developed through genetic modification are referred to as genetically modified (GM) crops, transgenic crops or genetically engineered (GE) crops. Over the last 30 years, the field of genetic engineering has developed rapidly due to the greater understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as the chemical double helix code from which genes are made. The term genetic engineering is used to describe the process by which the genetic makeup of an organism can be altered using “recombinant DNA technology.” This ...

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Career Scope in Advertising Industry

Advertising world has led to the emergence of many new roles within the advertising profession. In the new edge of ad world, advertising goes beyond its conventional approach. For the non-conventional and conventional advertising approach, Industry requires well groomed people who can develop innovative and creative new idea. Flexibility and competence is must for the industry as the Ad World is highly creative as well as dynamic. Advertising careers are diverse and can run across a variety of departments, offering positions in the fields of creative departments, production, media, and research. The ultimate goal is to meet the client’s goals of increasing sales as much as possible. Public relations services are often involved with businesses, governments, and institutions and can help them make effective decisions. Students of an advertising school may choose to pursue a career as a: Advertising Media PlannerMedia ResearcherCreative DepartmentCopywriter/IllustratorAccount PlanningPr ...

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