Current Affairs 2018

Bengaluru FC are crowned champions of the inaugural Super Cup [20 Apr 2018]

Sunil Chhetri led Bengaluru FC thrashed East Bengal 4-1 to win the inaugural Super Cup football tournament held at Bhubaneswar.

Miguel Mario Diaz-Canel Bermudez elected as President of Cuba [19 Apr 2018]

Miguel Mario Diaz-Canel Bermudez was formally named Cuba’s new President. Diaz-Canel has served as the vice-president of Cuba since 2013. The Castro brothers, Fidel and Raul, have together been in power for nearly 60 years since the Cuba’s Communist revolution in 1959 overthrew the US-backed dictatorial regime of Fulgencio Batista.

Lt Gen PP Malhotra takes over as DG NCC [17 Apr 2018]

Lieutenant General PP Malhotra assumed charge as Director General of National Cadet Corps (NCC), the largest uniformed youth organization in the world.

Mary Kom Bags First CWG Gold in Boxing [15 Apr 2018]

5-year-old MC Mary Kom has become the first Indian woman to win a boxing gold at the Commonwealth Games. Making a comeback to boxing after a two year sabbatical, Mary beat Northern Ireland's Kristina O'Hara convincingly in the 48kg final. The 35-year-old five-time world champion and Olympic bronze-medallist was competing in her debut Commonwealh Games, also perhaps her last, and made it a memorable one with yet another dominating performance to claim an unanimous verdict of 5-0.

Vinod Khanna awarded Dadasaheb Phalke Award [13 Apr 2018]

Veteran Hindi film actor Shri Vinod Khanna was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for his contribution to Indian Cinema.

Bhanu Pratap Sharma appointed as Banks Board Bureau chairman [13 Apr 2018]

The Union Finance Ministry has reconstituted the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) and appointed Bhanu Pratap Sharma as its chairman, replacing former Comptroller and Auditor General Vinod Rai. Mr. Sharma was former chairman of recruitment and assessment centre of DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) and former Principal Secretary (Finance) in the Bihar government.

ISRO successfully launches last navigation satellite in IRNSS series [12 Apr 2018]

ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C41 successfully launched the 1,425 kg IRNSS-1I Navigation Satellite on Thursday, April 12, 2018 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota of SPSR Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh.

Rishad Premji appointed Nasscom chairman for 2018-19 [12 Apr 2018]

IT industry body Nasscom has appointed Wipro chief strategy officer and board member Rishad Premji as its chairman for 2018-19. Besides, Nasscom has appointed WNS Group CEO Keshav Murugesh as the vice chairman. Mr. Premji has been a member of Nasscom’s executive council and was the vice chairman for 2017-18, Nasscom.

C. S. Ghosh re-appointed as Bandhan CEO [12 Apr 2018]

Chandra Shekhar Ghosh has been reappointed as managing director and chief executive officer of Bandhan Bank for a period of three years from July 10, 2018. Mr. Ghosh’s reappointment, subject to regulatory clearances, was approved by the bank board at its recent meeting.

Cabinet approves the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2018 [07 Apr 2018]

The Union Cabinet has approved the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2018 for introduction in the Parliament. It is a part of the efforts of the Government to encourage institutional arbitration for settlement of disputes and make India a centre of robust Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism. The Amendments in the Act of 1996 will facilitate achieving the goal of improving institutional arbitration by establishing an independent body to lay down standards, make arbitration process more party friendly, cost effective and ensure timely disposal of arbitration cases.

Mirabai Chanu wins gold medal [05 Apr 2018]

Mirabai Chanu secured India’s first gold medal in the 2018 Commonwealth Games when she finished first in the women’s 48 kg weightlifting event at Gold Coast. Mirabai Chanu smashed the Commonwealth and Commonwealth Games’ weightlifting record by lifting 196 kg. The previous Games’ record was 175 kg set by Augustine Nwaokolo of Nigeria in 2010.

Agreement Between NPCIL and EDF of France [05 Apr 2018]

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and Electricite de France (EDF) of France have on March 10, 2018 signed an Industrial Way Forward Agreement for implementation of six nuclear power reactor units at Jaitapur, Maharashtra with a total capacity of about 10,000 MW. The Evolutionary Pressurized Reactors (EPRs) are evolutionary reactors, whose design has evolved from “KONVOI’ and “N4’ reactors which have been in operation in Germany and France respectively for about two decades. Further, the work at Jaitapur will be commenced only on demonstration of full power operation of Flamanville-3 under construction in France, as reference plant, to have an operationally proven technology.

NIRF India Rankings 2018 for Higher Education Institutions [04 Apr 2018]

Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru bags 1st Position in Overall Ranking. IIT Chennai tops in Engineering and IIM Ahmedabad tops in Management Category.

ISRO launches communication satellite GSAT-6A from Sriharikota [30 Mar 2018]

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully placed a communication satellite GSAT-6A in a geosynchronous transfer orbit. It was carried on board the GSLV F-08 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. The GSAT-6A is a communication satellite that incorporates the high-thrust Vikas engine. It will complement the GSAT-6, which is already in orbit. The GSAT-6A’s antenna has a diameter of six metres — it can be unfurled and opened like an umbrella once it reaches its prescribed orbit.

IIT Guwahati develops silk scaffold for bone regeneration [25 Mar 2018]

A scaffold made of silk composite functionalised with copper-doped bioactive glass to facilitate faster bone regeneration has been developed by researchers at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati. The scaffold seeded with stem cells was found to differentiate into bone cells, facilitate growth of blood vessels and successfully integrate the newly formed bone cells with the native bone. The researchers were able to replicate the results in rabbits using functionalised non-mulberry silk composite. Rabbits with scaffolds implanted at the site of bone injury showed successful growth of bone cells and integration with the native bone at the end of three months.

Olympian PV Sindhu to be flag-bearer of India in CWG 2018 [24 Mar 2018]

Olympic silver medalist PV Sindhu will be the flag-bearer of the Indian contingent for the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast, Australia. The Commonwealth Games opening ceremony will be held on April 4.

Modicare rollout raises hopes of 500 million Indians [21 Mar 2018]

The Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM), dubbed as Modicare, is touted by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) as the world’s largest healthcare programme. It is estimated to cost about Rs12,000 crore annually. To be rolled out in collaboration with the state governments, “Modicare” is expected to reduce Out Of Pocket (OOP) expenditure—the in-patient hospitalization expenditure in India has increased nearly 300% during last 10 years according to the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) 2015. Currently, OOP expenditure in India is over 60%, causing impoverishment to nearly 6 million families coping with catastrophic health expenditures.

Sunil Nayyar becomes first Indian to head Sony India [20 Mar 2018]

Sunil Nayyar will become the first Indian to lead Sony’s local operations, 24 years after the Japanese consumer electronics giant entered the country, when he replaces Kenichiro Hibi as managing director on April 1.

Juan Martin del Potro win BNP Paribas Open tennis tournament [19 Mar 2018]

Juan Martin del Potro win the BNP Paribas Open tennis tournament holds up his trophy after defeating Roger Federer during the men’s final.

Vladimir Putin re-elected as president of Russia [19 Mar 2018]

Vladimir Putin stormed to victory in Russia's presidential election on 18th March 2018, giving him another six years in power. Mr. Putin, who has ruled Russia for almost two decades, won more than 75% of the vote according to preliminary results. The Kremlin pushed for high turnout to give greater legitimacy to Mr. Putin's historic fourth term.

Xi Jinping re-elected as President of China [17 Mar 2018]

Xi Jinping was re-elected as the Chinese President unanimously with all 2,970 votes in his favor at the National People’s Congress on Saturday. He was also re-elected as the Chairman of the Central Military Commission unanimously.

Mujahid Anwar Khan appointed new Pakistan air chief [16 Mar 2018]

Pakistan has appointed Air Marshal Mujahid Anwar Khan as the new chief of air staff. Khan would take charge from March 19 on the retirement of outgoing air chief Sohail Aman, according to a statement by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF).

RBI has approved the merger of Bharat Financial Inclusion and IndusInd Bank [15 Mar 2018]

RBI has approved the merger of the two companies i.e. Bharat Financial Inclusion and IndusInd Bank. According to the merger proposal, IndusInd Bank (IIB) will incorporate a wholly-owned subsidiary and transfer the business of Bharat Financial Inclusion to it by way of slump exchange.

Dhinakaran launches new party [15 Mar 2018]

Rebel AIADMK leader T.T.V. Dhinakaran floated a political party, Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (AMMK) and unveiled its flag that retained the ruling party’s black, white and red stripes but replaced the image of late C. N. Annadurai in the centre with that of former Chief Minister Jayalalithaa.

German lawmakers elect weakened Merkel to fourth term [14 Mar 2018]

German lawmakers voted to re-elect Angela Merkel as chancellor for a fourth, and likely final, term that may prove her most challenging yet as she takes charge of a fragile coalition with her personal standing diminished. Since 2005, she has dominated Germany’s political landscape and steered the European Union through economic crisis. But her authority was dented by her decision in 2015 to commit Germany to an open-door policy on migration, resulting in an influx of more than one million people.

Modi, Macron inaugurate UP’s biggest solar power plant [12 Mar 2018]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron inaugurated Uttar Pradesh’s biggest solar power plant in Mirzapur district’s Chhanvey block. Built at a cost of around Rs 500 crore by French firm ENGIE, the 75 MW solar plant has come up at Dadar Kalan village on the hilly terrain of the Vindhyas range. Some 1,18,600 solar panels have been set up in over 380 acres. Power would be transmitted to Jigna sub-station of Mirzapur range of Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Ltd, officials said. The plant will generate 15.6 crore units of electricity annually, about 1.30 crore units per month.

RBI fines Airtel bank Rs. 50 million [10 Mar 2018]

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed a penalty of Rs. 50 million on Airtel Payments Bank Limited (the bank) for contravening operating guidelines for payments banks and the directions issued by it on know your customer (KYC) norms.

Diu becomes first district of a Union Territory to run completely on solar power [09 Mar 2018]

Diu has become the first district of a Union Territory in India to run completely on solar power. Diu has a population of around 56,000 and was entirely dependent on the Gujarat government's power grid for electricity till three years ago.

CCI slaps Rs. 54 cr. fine on 3 airlines [08 Mar 2018]

The Competition Commission slapped a total penalty of more than Rs. 54 crore on Jet Airways, InterGlobe Aviation and SpiceJet for unfair business practices with respect to fixing fuel surcharge on cargo transport.

India’s first ‘Heli-Taxi’ services just started in Bengaluru [08 Mar 2018]

Bengaluru will turn out to be the first Indian metropolitan city to ferry people in and out of the airport using a helicopter.This decision was taken in an attempt to put control over traffic in the nation’s most popular place that was a major problem for the residents of the city. The metro city becomes the host of its first Heli-taxi service tour and the service has been commenced between the Kempegowda International Airport (KIA) and Electronic City, city’s major tech centre.

Career Scope in Print Media

Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines and newsletters. They hold informative and entertaining content that is of general or special interest. They are published either once or daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly or quarterly. Print Media is the oldest form of media. But even today it is growing from strength to strength. Around 4000 small, medium and large newspapers and magazines across the county are registered with the Registrar of Newspapers every year. This indicates that it is a growing sector where employment opportunities are increasing with each passing day. Most of the young aspirants who want to enter the print media prefer reporting, but newspapers and magazines also seek young talent as photographers, artists, editors, computer experts, librarians, and cartoonists. Students who have writing ability, graphics or photo skills, curiosity and deter →

65th National Film Awards for 2017

The 65th National Film Awards 2017 were announced by the Chairpersons of the juries on Feature Films, Best Writing on Cinema and members of Dadasaheb Phalke Award and Non-Feature films. The Feature Film Central panel was headed by Shri Shekhar Kapur, an eminent filmmaker known for his works in Hindi cinema and international cinema. The Non- Feature Film panel was headed by Shri. Nakul Kamte and the Best Cinema on Writing jury by Shri.Anant Vijay. The National Film Awards would be presented by Hon’ble President of India on May 3rd, 2018. Winner of 65th National Film Awards for 2017Best Feature Film - Village Rockstars, Language: Assamese, Directed by Rima Das. Indira Gandhi award for best debut film of a director - Sinjar, Language: Jasari, Directed by Pampally. Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment- Baahubali - The Conclusion, Language: Telugu, Directed by S S Rajamouli. Nargis Dutt Award For Best Feature Film On National Integration - Dhappa, Language: Marathi, Directed →

What is the Indo US Civilian Nuclear Deal?

India and the United States signed a landmark deal in October 2008, which allows India access to US civil nuclear fuel and technology. What is it that makes this deal so significant? How does India stand to gain from it ? Here are some answers to these questions : What is the Indo-U.S. Civilian Nuclear Deal ? This is a deal between India and the United States for civil nuclear cooperation. Under this agreement, the United States can sell civilian nuclear fuel and technology to India. India in turn, has to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities and place all its civil nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) inspection. The accord took three years to be finalized, during which it went through a series of complex stages that included amendment of U.S. domestic law, formulation of a civil-military nuclear separation plan in India, an India-IAEA safeguards (inspections) agreement and the grant of an exemption for India by the Nuclear Suppliers' →

Genetically Modified Food or Crops

Genetic Modification Genetic modification refers to techniques used to manipulate the genetic composition of an organism by adding specific useful genes. A gene is a sequence of DNA that contains information that determines a particular characteristic/trait. All organisms have DNA (genes). Genes are located in chromosomes. Genes are units of inheritance that are passed from one generation to the next and provide instructions for development and function of the organism. Crops that are developed through genetic modification are referred to as genetically modified (GM) crops, transgenic crops or genetically engineered (GE) crops. Over the last 30 years, the field of genetic engineering has developed rapidly due to the greater understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as the chemical double helix code from which genes are made. The term genetic engineering is used to describe the process by which the genetic makeup of an organism can be altered using “recombinant DNA technology.” This →

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