Current Affairs 2019

PM inaugurates 5th India International Science Festival at Kolkata [05 Nov 2019]

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi, inaugurated via video conference, the 5th India International Science Festival at Kolkata.

Kolkata students create Guinness World Records with largest astrophysics assemble [05 Nov 2019]

The Guinness World Records for the largest astrophysics lesson (45 minutes) and assembly of spectroscopes was successfully achieved at the Science City, Kolkata on the first day of India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019 with the participation of over 1,598 students. Astronomers use spectroscopes to know details like temperature, chemical composition, etc. of celestial objects hundreds or millions of light years away from us. A small personal model of advanced spectroscopes can easily be made by anyone using a box made of cardboard that has a very narrow window used to channel light into the spectroscope. A piece of a Compact Disc is used to split the light by a process called diffraction. This attempt is dedicated to Meghnad Saha and C. V. Raman.

Prime Minister participate in East Asia and RCEP Summit in Bangkok [04 Nov 2019]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi participated in the East Asia and RCEP summits in Bangkok. Besides he will also hold meetings with Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Vietnam PM Nguyen Xuan Phuc and Australian PM Scott Morrison in Bangkok. Prime Minister would be steering India’s negotiations at the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership or the RCEP. RCEP is a comprehensive free trade agreement being negotiated between the 10 ASEAN Member States and ASEAN's free trade agreement partners Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea and New Zealand. But India did not sign the RCEP trade agreement.

Robotic surgery facility in Safdarjung Hospital dedicated to the Nation [02 Nov 2019]

The robotic surgery facility in the Safdarjung Hospital (SJH) New Delhi was dedicated to the nation by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr Harsh Vardhan. Safdarjang Hospital is one of the biggest tertiary care referral centre of India, under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare catering to all poor patients of uro-oncological cancers like prostate, kidney, bladder cancers and kidney failures, from different parts of country. It is also the first Central Government hospital in India to start this latest Robot Surgery facility for all poor patients for free. Robotic surgery has the advantage of providing minimally invasive surgery, reducing significantly the morbidity & mortality of critically ill, cancer and kidney failure patients. The Robotic system provides 7 degrees of freedom, 3-D vision, 10 times magnification and better dissection with more precision. The operating time also decreases resulting in improvement in turnover of patients and decrease in waiting list of patients for surgery significantly.

Isabelle Huppert to be honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Golden Jubilee edition of International Film Festival of India (IFFI) 2019 [02 Nov 2019]

One of the most famous and most popular French actor of her generation Isabelle Anne Madeleine Huppert will be conferred with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Golden Jubilee edition of International Film Festival of India (IFFI) 2019. This was announced by Union Minister for Information & Broadcasting, Shri Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi.

The Lifetime Achievement Award, IFFI, is the highest honour and the most prestigious award of the festival. The award carries a cash prize of INR 10,000,00/- .The French actor will be conferred this prestigious award for her remarkable artistic skills and her outstanding journey and vivid contribution to Cinema. She has appeared in more than 120 films since her debut in 1971. She is the most nominated actress for the César Award, with 16 nominations. She twice won the César Award for Best Actress, for La Cérémonie and Elle. In 2016, Huppert garnered international acclaim for her performance in Elle, which earned her a Golden Globe Award, an Independent Spirit Award and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.

Legendary actor Rajinikanth to be conferred with ‘Icon of Golden Jubilee of IFFI’ [02 Nov 2019]

In a first, the Government of India has constituted a special award titled ‘Icon of Golden Jubilee of IFFI’ which will be conferred upon the eminent film personality Shri S Rajinikanth. This was announced by Union Information & Broadcasting minister, Shri Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi.

The phenomenally popular Rajinikanth got his first break in the movies when he played a small role in the Kannada film Katha Sangama, directed by Puttanna Kanagal. He then played a cancer patient in the Tamil film Apoorva Raagangal (1975), directed by K. Balachander. The lead actor of the film was Kamal Hassan, who became one of his closest friends. He was noticed by the industry and public alike, and he never looked back. In a long and eventful career, Rajinikanth has acted in over 170 films in many languages, including Tamil, Telgu, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi and Bengali. He also had a starring role in the Hollywood production, Blood Stone (1988). The Government of India has honoured him with the Padma Bhushan (2000) and the Padma Vibhushan (2016). At the 45th International Film Festival of India (2014), he was conferred with the "Centenary Award for Indian Film Personality of the Year"

Lt Gen Anup Banerji takes charge as DG AFMS [01 Nov 2019]

Lt Gen Anup Banerji assumed office as Director General, Armed Forces Medical Services (DG AFMS) today. An alumnus of the prestigious Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, the General Officer is reputed to be an outstanding cardiologist and an exceptional administrator. He has held various important clinical and staff positions during his illustrious career in AFMS. These include Head of the Department of Medicine and Cardiology at MH CTC Pune and Army Hospital R&R, Consultant (Medicine and Cardiology) at CH (EC), MG (Med) MG & G Area, Comdt AMC Centre and College Lucknow and DGMS (Navy). Lt Gen Banerji was awarded the Sena Medal for his distinguished service in 1986. He was appointed President’s Honorary Surgeon (PHS) on January 27, 2019. Lt Gen Anup Banerji served as the DGMS (Army) prior to the present appointment.

Chancellor of Germany calls on the President [01 Nov 2019]

Dr Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany called on the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Welcoming German Chancellor to India, the President said that given India’s strong commercial ties with Germany, India considers Germany’s support important in mobilizing efforts within the European Union for early resumption and conclusion of a balanced EU-India Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement.

Shri Girish Chandra Murmu sworn in as first Lieutenant Governor of Jammu & Kashmir [31 Oct 2019]

Shri Girish Chandra Murmu took oath as the first Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir today. He was administered the Oath of Office and Secrecy by Justice Gita Mittal, Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir High Court, at a function held at the Raj Bhavan.

Shri Radha Krishna Mathur sworn in as first Lieutenant Governor of Ladakh [31 Oct 2019]

In a simple but historic ceremony, Chief Justice of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir, Justice Gita Mittal administered oath of office to Shri R.K. Mathur as the new Lt. Governor of the Union Territory of Ladakh. After swearing in Shri Mathur was given a Guard of Honour at the venue by the Ladakh Police. The swearing in ceremony took place in the presence of officials of Leh and Kargil Hill Councils, Army and Para Military forces, religious leaders and Ladakh public.

Dr. Sukhbir Singh Sandhu Takes Over as Chairman NHAI [28 Oct 2019]

Dr. Sukhbir Singh Sandhu has taken over as Chairman, National Highways Authority of India today. He is an IAS Officer of 1988 batch Uttarakhand Cadre, who has held important positions in the Central Government and the Government of Uttarakhand, Government of Uttar Pradesh and Government of Punjab.

India ranks 63 in World Bank’s Doing Business Report [24 Oct 2019]

The World Bank released its latest Doing Business Report(DBR, 2020) on 24th October 2019. India has recorded a jump of 14 positions against its rank of 77 in 2019 to be placed now at 63rd rank among 190 countries assessed by the World Bank. India's leap of 14 ranks in the Ease of Doing Business ranking is significant considering that there has been continuous improvement since 2015 and for the third consecutive year India is amongst the top 10 improvers. As a result of continued efforts by the Government, India has improved its rank by 79 positions in last five years.

Chenani Nashari Tunnel renamed after Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee [24 Oct 2019]

Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and MSME Shri Nitin Gadkari and Shri Jitendra Singh, MoS (I/C) Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space announced renaming of Chenani Nashri Tunnel on NH 44 in Jammu & Kashmir as Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee Tunnel in an event in New Delhi. This 9 km tunnel is the longest such state of art tunnel in the country, connecting Udhampur to Ramban in Jammu. Constructed at a cost of Rs 2500 crore, it cuts down 31 km of travel distance and reduces the travel time between the two points by about two hours, in addition to substantial saving in fuel cost.

Former India captain Sourav Ganguly takes over as 39th BCCI president [23 Oct 2019]

Former India captain Sourav Ganguly took over as the new Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) at the apex body's Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Mumbai. Ganguly is likely to serve only 9 months as BCCI president as the "Cooling Off" period clause in the new BCCI constitution makes it mandatory for board officials to step down after 6 years in office. Ganguly, who played 113 Tests and 311 one-day internationals and led India to 21 Test wins, has already been an administrator for his home state association, Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB).

Successful Firing of The Brahmos Surface To Surface Missile at Trak Island [23 Oct 2019]

Indian Air Force BrahMos unit has successfully fired two Surface to Surface missiles at Trak Island in Andaman Nicobar group of islands on 21st & 22nd Oct 19. The twin firings have been carried out by the IAF as a part of training mission. The BrahMos land attack cruise missiles engaged the designated mock targets close to300 Km away and achieved direct hit in both the cases. The launch was smooth and both the missiles followed the desired trajectory. The firing by IAF demonstrates the mobility and agility of IAF units to operationally deploy and launch at targets withpin-point accuracy.

RIL hits ?9 trillion market cap, a first for an Indian company [18 Oct 2019]

The Mukesh Ambani led Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) has become the first Indian company to cross ?9 trillion market capitalization after its shares rose nearly 2% to hit ?1,423. The shares have surged nearly 26% since January.

World's first megaplex launched in India [16 Oct 2019]

Inox has launched world's first megaplex in Mumbai, India with an investment in the range of Rs 50 to Rs 60 crore. It has 11 screens and six experiential cinema formats.

Global Hunger Index India slips to 102nd [15 Oct 2019]

India trails at a miserable 102nd among 117 countries in the 2019 Global Hunger Index (GHI) released on October 15. The rank is significant because the country seems to have regressed from its 95th rank in 2010 and stands way below its neighbours and BRICS' peers. Alarmingly, India was the worst performer when it came to child wasting (age appropriate weight), clocking a dismal 20.8 percent. Among infants aged 6-23 months, merely 9.6 percent received the 'minimum acceptable diet'. The child stunting rate at 37.9 percent, was also termed 'very high'.

Margaret Atwood, Bernardine Evaristo create history by jointly winning the Booker Prize [15 Oct 2019]

The prestigious Booker Prize for Fiction jointly goes to Canadian author Margaret Atwood for 'The Testaments' and Anglo-Nigerian author Bernardine Evaristo for 'Girl, Woman, Other'. Atwood becomes only the second female author to win the award twice.

Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2019 [14 Oct 2019]

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 was awarded jointly to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty."

Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed Ali wins Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 [11 Oct 2019]

The Nobel Peace Prize 2019 was awarded to Abiy Ahmed Ali "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea."

Forbes India Rich List 2019 [11 Oct 2019]

  • Mukesh Ambani - Chairman and Managing Director of Reliance Industries (Net worth: $51.4 billion)
  • Gautam Adani - Founder and Chairman, Adani Group (Net Worth: $15.7 billion)
  • Hinduja Brothers - Hinduja Group (Net worth: $15.6 billion)
  • Pallonji Mistry - Shapoorji Pallonji Group (Net worth: $15 billion)
  • Uday Kotak - Founder and Chairman, Kotak Mahindra Bank (Net worth: $14.8 billion)
  • Shiv Nadar - Founder and Chairman, HCL Technologies (Net Worth: $14.4 billion)
  • Radhakishan Damani - Founder, Avenue Supermarts (Net worth: $14.3 billion)
  • Godrej Family - Godrej Group (Net worth: $12 billion)
  • Lakshmi Mittal - Chairman and CEO, ArcelorMittal (Net worth: $10.5 billion)
  • Kumar Birla - Chairman, Aditya Birla Group (Net worth: $9.6 billion)

2019 Nobel Prize in Literature awarded to Austrian author Peter Handke [10 Oct 2019]

Austrian author Peter Handke has won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature. Peter Handke was awarded "for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience."

2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded for work that led to smartphone batteries [09 Oct 2019]

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino "for the development of lithium-ion batteries". John B. Goodenough was born in Germany in 1922 and is currently at the University of Texas in the US. M. Stanley Whittingham was born in 1941 in the UK and currently teaches at the Binghamton University in the US. Akira Yoshino was born in 1948 in Japan and is currently a professor at the Meijo University in Japan.

James Peebles, Michel Mayor, Didier Queloz win Nobel physics prize for discoveries in astronomy [08 Oct 2019]

Canadian-American cosmologist James Peebles and Swiss scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Physics "for revealing the wonder of the evolution of the universe and discovering planets orbiting distant suns".

2019 Nobel Prize: Kaelin, Ratcliffe, Semenza jointly awarded for work on cells, oxygen [07 Oct 2019]

Scientists William G Kaelin, Jr, Peter J Ratcliffe and Gregg L Semenza received the Nobel Prize jointly for their discoveries of "how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability".

Naomi Osaka Won China Open [06 Oct 2019]

Japan's Naomi Osaka fought back from a set down to beat Australian world number one Ash Barty 3-6 6-3 6-2 in the final of the China Open in Beijing.

Dominic Thiem defeats Stefanos Tsitsipas to claim China Open 2019 [06 Oct 2019]

Top seed Dominic Thiem overcame a one-set deficit to defeat third seed Stefanos Tsitsipas in the men's final of the 2019 China Open.

American Muhammad breaks own world record to win 400m hurdles [05 Oct 2019]

American Dalilah Muhammad broke her own world record to win the women’s 400 metres hurdles at the world championships with a time of 52.16 seconds, edging out compatriot Sydney McLaughlin in a gripping race. The 29-year-old Muhammad, the 2016 Olympic champion, crossed the finish line 0.04 seconds faster than her previous world record set in July

Salwa Eid Naser elated with record 400m world title [04 Oct 2019]

Bahrain's Salwa Eid Naser destroyed the field and stunned Olympic champion Shaunae Miller-Uibo as she became the first Asian to win the women's 400 metres world title. The Nigerian-born Eid Naser, 21, surged past Miller-Uibo on the back straight to win in 48.14 seconds, the third fastest time in history.

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United Nations Organization (UNO)

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Medical Council of India (MCI)

Headquarter: New Delhi Function of the Organization: The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications →

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