Current Affairs 2018

Ease of Living Index: Pune ranks first in 'liveability', Delhi languishes at 65 [14 Aug 2018]

The Ease of Living Index 2018 released by Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri on 13th August 2018 has thrown surprises, with few most prominent cities failing to make a cut in the top 10. Of total 111 cities ranked under the index, Pune has been ranked first while Navi Mumbai has surfaced as the second preferred spot in terms of 'liveability'. However, the national capital Delhi has failed to make it to the top 50, ranking much below cities like Vijayawada and Bhopal at number 65. Chennai was also ranked at number 14, while Kolkata refused to participate in the survey.

Justice V. K. Tahilramani sworn-in Chief Justice of Madras HC [12 Aug 2018]

Justice Tahilramani's appointment as the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court followed the elevation of her predecessor Chief Justice Indira Banerjee to the Supreme Court.

NDA candidate Harivansh elected Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman [10 Aug 2018]

NDA nominee Harivansh Narayan Singh was elected the Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman, defeating the joint opposition candidate B K Hariprasad by 125 votes to 105 against.

World Biofuel Day 2018 [10 Aug 2018]

World Biofuel Day is obseved each year on August 10 with an aim to raise awareness about the significance of non fossil fuels which can be used as an alternative to fossil fuels, according to an official statement. It was in June 2018 that the government approved the National Biofuels Policy 2018. By 2030, Modi government has set a target to reach 20 percent ethanol blending and 5 percent biodiesel blending.

Khangchendzonga Becomes 11th Biosphere Reserve from India to be Included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves [08 Aug 2018]

The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve has become the 11th Biosphere Reserve from India that has been included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR). The decision to include Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in WNBR was taken at the 30th Session of International Coordinating Council (ICC) of Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme of UNESCO held at Palembang, Indonesia, from July 23-27, 2018. India has 18 Biosphere Reserves and with the inclusion of Khangchendzonga, the number of internationally designated WNBR has become 11, with 7 Biosphere Reserves being domestic Biosphere Reserves. Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim is one of the highest ecosystems in the world, reaching elevations of 1, 220 metres above sea-level. It includes a range of ecolines , varying from sub-tropic to Arctic, as well as natural forests in different biomes, that support an immensely rich diversity of forest types and habitats.

Naidu unveils high energy storage device [08 Aug 2018]

Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu unveiled what is being claimed as the world’s first ingeniously made high energy storage device developed by the Bharat Energy Storage Technology Private Limited (BEST) at the Praja Vedika at his camp office in Amaravati.

Carolina Marin beats PV Sindhu to claim third World Championship title [06 Aug 2018]

Spain's Carolina Marin beat India's PV Sindhu to claim third World Championship title, and she become the first woman to claim three World Championship titles as well.

Kento Momota becomes first Japanese to win gold at BWF World Championships [06 Aug 2018]

Kento Momota of Japan defeated Shi Yuqi of China 21-11, 21-13 in the men’s final at the badminton world championships. Momota won the final eight points of the opening game and used a combination of precision striking and finesse in the second to claim his first world title and Japan’s first men’s singles crown. Japan’s Mayu Matsumoto and Wakana Nagahara won their first women’s doubles world title by upsetting second-seeded compatriots Yuki Fukushima and Sayaka Hirota 19-21, 21-19, 22-20.

Netherlands win eighth Women’s Hockey World Cup title [06 Aug 2018]

Netherlands retained the Hockey World Cup title with an emphatic 6-0 victory over Ireland. Ireland, the second-lowest ranked country in the tournament, was unable to produce a fairy-tale ending at Lee Valley Hockey Center.

Mughalsarai station officially renamed as Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction [05 Aug 2018]

Mughalsarai Junction will be formally renamed after RSS ideologue Deen Dayal Upadhyay.Upadhyay was found dead in mysterious circumstances near the Mughalsarai station in February 1968. Mughalsarai is also the birth place of former prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.

Virat Kohli becomes no. 1 Test batsman [05 Aug 2018]

India skipper Virat Kohli, jumped up one place and surpassed Australia’s Steve Smith to become the No.1 batsman in ICC Test Rankings. He has become only the seventh Indian and first since Sachin Tendulkar in June 2011, to take the pole position.

Justice Gita Mittal is appointed as first woman Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir HC [04 Aug 2018]

Justice Gita Mittal was appointed as the Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court, becoming the first woman judge in the history to head it. Justice Mittal was till now the Acting Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court.

Government has appinted 3 new judges to Supreme Court [04 Aug 2018]

The law ministry cleared the appointment of Justice Indira Banerjee, the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court  along with Odisha High Court Chief Justice Vineet Saran and Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice KM Joseph as  Supreme Court judge.

Hrishikesh Roy is appointed as Chief Justice of Kerala High Court [03 Aug 2018]

Justice Hrishikesh Roy has been appointed as the Chief Justice of the Kerala High Court. The President of India, exercising the powers conferred upon him under Article 217 (1) of the Constitution of India, has signed off on the appointment of Justice Roy effective immediately.

Indian-origin academic wins maths 'Nobel' Fields Medal [03 Aug 2018]

Indian-origin academic Akshay Venkatesh has been awarded the Fields Medal, which is often called the Nobel Prize of mathematics. The award to the 36-year-old academic was announced on 2nd August at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Rio de Janeiro.

Sindhu Sharma becomes the first woman judge of Jammu & Kashmir High Court [03 Aug 2018]

The Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) High Court is set to get its first woman judge with the appointment of Sindhu Sharma. The Central Government notified the appointment of advocate Sindhu Sharma along with judicial officer Rashid Ali Dar as judges to the J&K High Court.

Jharkhand gets first solar-powered Law University in India [02 Aug 2018]

The National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Ranchi has become first Law University in the Country to utilize solar energy extensively for illuminating the campus spread over 63 acres of land.

Apple hits $1 trillion stock market valuation [02 Aug 2018]

Apple Inc became the first $1 trillion publicly listed U.S. company on 31st July. The tech company's stock jumped 2.8 percent to as high as $207.05, bringing its gain to about 9 percent since 31st June when it reported June quarter results above expectatios and said it bought back $20 billion of its own shares.

Technology for detecting contamination in water [02 Aug 2018]

National Centre for Compositional Characterisation of Materials (NCCCM), has developed visual detection kits for detection of Fluoride, Chromium (VI) and Iron. The detection can be done in 5 minutes. Portable Visual Kits for detection of Fluoride, Chromium and Iron have been developed and technology for indigenous manufacturing of these kits is transferred to six private entrepreneurs and product is available in the market. In all detection kits developed, reagents kept inside different bottles are to be added to the water sample. Reagents are added and mixed for two minutes. Within 5 minutes, colour develops in the top layer, the intensity of colour is compared with a colour chart by visual inspection to obtain the concentration range of contaminant in water. Iron Contamination detection kit is at advanced stage of development and very soon will be available to private entrepreneurs.

Ballistic Missile Interceptor AAD Successfully Flight Tested [02 Aug 2018]

DRDO conducted the successful test of the Ballistic Missile Interceptor Advanced Area Defence (AAD)  from Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha. The endo-atmospheric missile, capable of intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25 kms was launched against multiple simulated targets of 1500 km class ballistic missile. One target among simultaneously incoming multiple targets was selected on real time, the weapon system radars tracked the target and the missile locked on to it and intercepted the target with a high degree of accuracy. The complete event including the engagement and interception was tracked by a number of electro-optical tracking systems, radars and telemetry stations. All the mission objectives were successfully met.

President of India Presents Outstanding Parliamentarian Award for the years 2013-2017 [01 Aug 2018]

The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, presented the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award for the years 2013-2017 in New Delhi. The President congratulated all those being conferred with the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award – Smt Najma Heptulla, Shri Hukmdev Narayan Yadav, Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Shri Dinesh Trivedi and Shri Bhartruhari Mahtab.

LIC to acquire controlling stake of IDBI Bank [01 Aug 2018]

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved conveying of no objection to reduction in Government of India shareholding in IDBI Bank Limited to below 50% by dilution. It has also approved acquisition of controlling stake by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) as promoter in the bank through preferential allotment / open offer of equity, and relinquishment of management control by the Government in the bank.

HSBC names Rosha as India CEO [31 Jul 2018]

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) has appointed Surendra Rosha as Chief Executive Officer for HSBC India. Mr. Rosha succeeds Jayant Rikhye, who is taking leave of absence for medical reasons. The appointment is subject to regulatory approvals.

Johnson wins Canadian Open [30 Jul 2018]

World No.1 Dustin Johnson rebounded from a shock early exit at the British Open Golf to capture the Canadian Open Golf title for his third victory of 2018.

Sourabh Verma wins Russian Open [30 Jul 2018]

Former national champion Sourabh Verma pulled off a come-from-behind win over Japan’s Koki Watanabe in the summit clash to claim his first title of the season at the USD 75,000 Russia Open Tour Super 100 tournament in Vladivostock.

Chhetri, Kamala get AIFF honours [23 Jul 2018]

Sunil Chhetri has been declared the 2017 Player of the Year by the All India Football Federation (AIFF). Chhetri was the undisputed winner for his domestic and international performances and excellent conduct on and off the field. The Woman Player of the Year award was given to Kamala Devi.

Lakshya Sen stuns World No 1 to bag badminton gold in Asian Junior Championships [22 Jul 2018]

Lakshya Sen become the third Indian shuttler after PV Sindhu and Gautam Thakkar to win a gold medal at the Junior Asian Championships. The gold medal win is Sen’s biggest win in his career as the world number nine became the first Indian to win the medal at the competition in six years. He also became the first individual in 53 years to win the medal in men’s singles event.

France lift second World Cup after winning classic final 4-2 [16 Jul 2018]

France won the World Cup for the second time by ending battling Croatia's dream of a first title with a 4-2 victory in one of the most entertaining and action-packed finals for decades.

Novak Djokovic wins fourth Wimbledon title and 13th major [16 Jul 2018]

Novak Djokovic raced to a fourth Wimbledon title and 13th career Grand Slam crown when he defeated a battling but exhausted Kevin Anderson 6-2, 6-2, 7-6 (7/3).

India inaugurates largest visa centre in Bangladesh [15 Jul 2018]

The new integrated state-of-the-art Indian Visa Application Centre (IVAC) spread in an 18,500 square feet commercial area at Jamuna Future Park in Dhaka will replace all the existing centres.

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United Nations Organization (UNO)

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What is Bitcoin?

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Medical Council of India (MCI)

Headquarter: New Delhi Function of the Organization: The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications →

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