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Current Affairs 2017

Edappadi Palaniswami sworn in as Tamil Nadu Chief Minister

Tamil Nadu, Governor Ch. Vidyasagar Rao on 16th February evening administered the oath of office to Edappadi K. Palaniswami as the 13th Chief Minister along with a Council of 30 Ministers.

Employment News

192 Pet PI ASC Pin-905192 C/o 56, Jhansi invites applications for Fireman 09 posts (UR-07, OBC-01, SC-01) Refer website or Employment News dated 18-24 Feb 2017...

Nation At A Glance


About Asia: Asia is the largest and most populous continent in the world. It is composed of a wide variety of ethnic groups, cultures, environments, economics, historical ties, and governmental systems. Geographically the continent makes up 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area, and 29.5% of its land area. In the west, Asia is bordered by Europe, the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, as well by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus Strait, the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. In the east, Asia is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, and an almost endless stretch of bays and seas. The Arctic Ocean and a handful of seas front the northern border, while the Bering Sea separates Asia from North America. In the southwest the Red Sea and isthmus of Suez separate the continent from Africa. The Indian Ocean fronts most of Asia's southern borders, along with a series of bays, gulfs and seas, as well as extensive chains of both inhabited and uninhabited islands.

Area of Asia: 43,820,000 sq km

Population in Asia: 4,384,844,097 (in 2015)

Climate in Asia: Very varied, extreme in north, monsoonal in the south and east.

Major River in Asia: Bramhaputra, Obi, Yenisei, Lena, Amoor, Yang-tse-Kiang, Mekong, Ganges, Hwang-ho and Indus

Major Mountain in Asia: Ural Mountains, Caucasus, Altai, Khinghan, Thian Shan, Hindoo Koosh, the Himalaya Mountains, Karakoram, Alps, Western Ghats etc.

Nation belongs to Asia:


About Europe: By the end of the 15th century, great powers emerged in Europe, with England, France, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain playing predominant roles in global affairs from the 15th century onward, especially after the beginning of colonialism. The European colonial period, the 1500s to the mid 1900s, was the era when the European powers mentioned above established colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. As people craved freedom across the globe, the European colonial era began to fall apart. Also damaging to the continent were World Wars I and II, as they were largely focused upon Europe. After the Berlin Wall came down on 1989, and after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Europe certainly changed for the better. European cultures and factions soon integrated, the Council of Europe was formed and the European Union (EU) blossomed in Western Europe. Today, Europe is a major economical and political center of power.

Area of Europe: 9,938,000 sq km

Population in Europe: 743,122,816 (in 2015)

Climate in Europe: Warm winds sweep freely across central Europe because the western edges of the continent are not shielded by significant mountain ranges. Consequently, those Atlantic Ocean winds in conjunction with the Gulf Stream, generally keep the European continent warmer than other locations at similar latitudes. In northern Europe summers are cooler and winters are longer and colder, with heavy snowfall. Eastern Europe is also cold in winter, but summers are frequently hotter than in the west. The Mediterranean region of Europe typically experiences hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. During the summer, 4 to 6 months without significant rainfall is the norm, as most of the precipitation falls during the winter months. Most of the rain falls in winter and early spring. In the foothills and higher elevations of Europe's central and northern mountain ranges, summer temperatures are cool, while winters run cold with significant snowfall.

Major River in Europe: Dvina, Pechora, Volga, Ural, Kura, Rhine, Neva, Neman, Elbe, Danube and Douro etc

Major Mountain in Europe: Mount Elbrus, Monte Shkhara, Mount Blanc, Mount Rosa, Kjolen Mountains, Apennines Mountains, Caucasus Mountains, Carpathian Mountains, Balkan Mountains, Ural Mountains etc.

Nation belongs to Europe:

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • Vatican City


About Africa: Africa, the planet's 2nd largest continent and the second most-populous continent (after Asia) includes 54 individual countries.

Area of Africa: 30,221,532 sq km

Population in Africa: 1,166,239,305 (in 2015)

Climate in Africa: Most of Africa is in the tropics, and except for the peaks of mountains in the Great Rift Valley, it never freezes. The continent's northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. Africa is the hottest continent on earth; dry lands and deserts comprise 60% of the entire land surface. The Sahara Desert is the world's largest hot desert. To the immediate south of the Sahara Desert in the Sahel region, drought and annual rains way below average are rather common, and major dust storms are a frequent occurrence. In the central African rain forests warm to hot climate conditions are the norm with very high humidity; Africa's heaviest rains fall in this area. Summers in Southern Africa can be quite hot, especially along the coastal areas. Inland in the higher elevations, temperatures do moderate. Winters are generally mild, with some light snow up in the hills and mountains.

Major River in Africa: Nile River, Congo River, Niger River, Zambesi River, Orange River, Kasai River, Lualaba River, Senegal River, Limpopo River etc

Major Mountain in Africa: Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Oku, Mount Meru, Jabel Marra, The Drakensberg, Atlas Mountain, Mount Elgon, Simien Mountains, Mount Stanley, Mount Keneya etc

Nation belongs to Africa:

North America

About North America: North America, the planet's 3rd largest continent, includes (23) countries and dozens of possessions and territories. It contains all Caribbean and Central America countries, Bermuda, Canada, Mexico, the United States of America, as well as Greenland - the world's largest island. Positioned in the planet's northern and western hemispheres, it's bordered in the north by the Arctic Ocean, in the east by the Atlantic Ocean, in the southeast by the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Area of North America: 24,474,000 sq km

Population in North America: 361,127,818 (in 2015)

Climate in North America: Weather varies dramatically across the North American landscape. Climates range from Arctic cold to Equatorial heat, and everything in between. Precipitation and temperature levels modulate dramatically depending on location. Severe weather in the form of thunderstorms is a normal spring and summer occurrence across North America. Devastating tornadoes are also common in the spring and summer months, especially in the central part of the U.S. From June through October hurricanes occasionally strike the Caribbean islands, northern Central American countries, Gulf of Mexico states, Mexico, and the eastern coastline of the U.S.

Major River in North America: Churchill, Brazos, Colorado, Columbia, Fraser, Mackenzie, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Rio Grande, St. Lawrence, Yukon etc.

Major Mountain in North America: Rocky Mountains, Alaska, Mount McKinley, Mount Logan, Mount Orizaba, Mount St. Elias, Mount Ranier, Mount St. Helens, Mount Elbert etc.

Nation belongs to North America:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • El Salvador
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Jamaica
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United States

South America

About South America: South America, the planet's 4th largest continent, includes 12 independent countries and 3 major territories; the Falkland Islands, Galapagos Islands and French Guiana. It is the fifth most populous continent falling below Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. The continent contains the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela; the largest river (by volume), the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes, and the driest place on earth, the Atacama Desert in Chile. It includes the largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest; the highest capital city, La Paz, Bolivia; the highest commercially navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca; and, excluding research stations in Antarctica, the world's southernmost permanently inhabited community, Puerto Toro, Chile.

Area of South America: 17,819,000 sq km

Population in South America: 415,053,269 (in 2015)

Climate in South America: The conditions in South America are hot, humid and wet in the coastal regions of Colombia and Venezuela, and along the Equator and in the massive Amazon. In the far north, trade winds bring much-needed cooling relief to the coastal areas of Guyana and Suriname. In the northeastern areas of Brazil - the hottest region in the country. In the far south, conditions are subtropical, with some chilly mornings, fall and winter. Atop the Tropic of Capricorn daily high temperatures are exceptionally warm in summer, with only slight variations in winter. The coastal regions of Chile are generally dry and hot in summer, while fall brings cooler temperatures followed by heavy rains and mountain snowfall in winter.

Major River in South America: Amazon, Parana, Orinoco, Tocantins, Madeira etc.

Major Mountain in South America: Andes Mountains, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Sierras de Cordoba, Wilhelmina Mountains, Mantiqueira Mountains etc.

Nation belongs to South America:

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Guyana
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela


About Oceania: Oceania contains a wide variety of landforms, with most of the significant ones located in the countries of Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea.

Area of Oceania: 8,112,000 sq km

Population in Oceania: 39,359,270 (in 2015)

Climate in Oceania: The Oceania islands that border the Equator are warm and humid throughout most of the year. Along the Tropic of Capricorn, conditions are more seasonal. Australia, has an overall average temperature of 12.9 C, or 55 F. With low rainfall and humidity through much of Australia and winter temperatures barely dipping below freezing, the climate is quite moderate, although much of interior tends toward drought and extreme summer heat is quite common. The overall climate of New Zealand is influenced by two main geographic features: the mountains and the ocean. Although its northern reaches enjoy a temperate climate, weather can change quickly across the country as weather fronts and tropical cyclones travel through this region of the South Pacific frequently.

Major River in Oceania: Lake Gairdner, Lake Carnegie, Lake Taupo, Lake Murray, Murray River, Murrumbidgee River, the Darling River

Major Mountain in Oceania: Mount Kosciuszko, The Victorian Alps, Mount Bogong, Mount Feathertop, Mount Hotham, Mount Kembla, Mount Tallebudgera, Mount Kembla etc

Nation belongs to Oceania:

  • Australia
  • Fiji
  • Kiribati
  • Marshall Islands
  • Micronesia
  • Nauru
  • New Zealand
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Vanuatu

Padma Awards 2015

Padma Vibhushan 2015Name of the Awardee Discipline Shri L. K. Advani Public Affairs Shri Amitabh Bachchan Art Shri Prakash Singh Badal Public Affairs Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade Social Work Shri Mohammad Yusuf Khan alias Dilip Kumar Art Shri Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Swami Rambhadracharya Others Prof. Malur Ramaswamy Srinivasan Science and Engineering Shri Kottayan K. Venugopal Public Affairs Shri Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan (Foreigner) Trade and Industry Padma Bhushan 2015Shri Jahnu Barua Art Dr. Vijay Bhatkar Science and Engineering Shri Swapan Dasgupta Literature and Education Swami Satyamitranand Giri Others Shri N. Gopalaswami Civil Service Dr. Subhash C. Kashyap Public Affairs Dr. (Pandit) Gokulotsavji Maharaj Art Dr. Ambrish Mithal Medicine Smt. Sudha Ragunathan Art Shri Harish Salve Public Affairs Dr. Ashok Seth Medicine Shri Rajat Sharma Literature and Education Shri Satpal Sports Shri Shivakumara Swami Others Dr. Kharag Singh Valdiya Science and Engineerin ...

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Where is world largest solar telescope developed?

India's remotely controlled terrestrial solar telescope, which will be the largest of its kind in the world will be operational by 2013. A high-resolution two-metre class solar telescope be placed soon to help scientists study the sun. The solar telescope will developed by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics in Banglore in collaboration with the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics Pune and the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Nainital. The remotely controlled terrestrial solar-telescope, which will have a 2-metre diameter aperture, is the biggest and the initial cost of developing the telescope will be about Rs.150 crore. The institute is evaluating the Indian Astronomical Observatory in Hanle (Ladakh), Leh (Ladakh) and Devasthal (near Nainital) as possible location for housing the telescope. A team of about 30 to 40 scientists are working for the Development of the project. The telescope has to be located in a place where the ...

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Human Genome

The human genome is the genome of Homo sapiens, which is stored on 23 chromosome pairs. Twenty-two of these are autosomal chromosome pairs, while the remaining pair is sex-determining. The haploid human genome occupies a total of just over 3 billion DNA base pairs. The haploid human genome contains ca. 23,000 protein-coding genes, far fewer than had been expected before its sequencing. In fact, only about 1.5% of the genome codes for proteins, while the rest consists of non-coding RNA genes, regulatory sequences, introns, and (controversially named) "junk" DNA The Human Genome Project (HGP) produced a reference sequence of the euchromatic human genome, which is used worldwide in biomedical sciences. Genes Surprisingly, the number of human genes seems to be less than a factor of two greater than that of many much simpler organisms, such as the roundworm and the fruit fly. However, human cells make extensive use of alternative splicing to produce several different proteins from a single ...

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Career Scope in Print Media

Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines and newsletters. They hold informative and entertaining content that is of general or special interest. They are published either once or daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly or quarterly. Print Media is the oldest form of media. But even today it is growing from strength to strength. Around 4000 small, medium and large newspapers and magazines across the county are registered with the Registrar of Newspapers every year. This indicates that it is a growing sector where employment opportunities are increasing with each passing day. Most of the young aspirants who want to enter the print media prefer reporting, but newspapers and magazines also seek young talent as photographers, artists, editors, computer experts, librarians, and cartoonists. Students who have writing ability, graphics or photo skills, curiosity and deter ...

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