Current Affairs 2020

Rajiv Kumar appointed as Election commissioner [21 Aug 2020]

Former Finance secretary Rajiv Kumar was appointed as the Election commissioner with effect rom 31st August, 2020. He succeeds Ashok Lavasa who resigned the position to join as Vice-President of Asian Development Bank.

Cabinet approves proposal for leasing out three airports - Jaipur, Guwahati and Thiruvananthapuram [19 Aug 2020]

The Union Cabinet accorded its approval for leasing of three AAI airports namely, Jaipur, Guwahati and Thiruvananthapuram for Operation, Management and Development to M/s Adani Enterprises Ltd, who is declared as the successful bidder in a Global Competitive Bidding conducted by the Airports Authority of India, for a period of fifty years. These projects will bring efficiency in service delivery, expertise, enterprise and professionalism apart from harnessing the needed investments in the public sector.

Cabinet approves setting up of National Recruitment Agency to conduct Common Eligibility Test [19 Aug 2020]

Cabinet approves creation of National Recruitment Agency (NRA), paving the way for a transformational reform in the recruitment process for central government jobs. A multi-agency body called the National Recruitment Agency (NRA) will conduct a Common Eligibility Test (CET) to screen/shortlist candidates for the Group B and C (non-technical) posts. NRA will have representatives of Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Finance/Department of Financial Services, the SSC, RRB & IBPS. It is envisioned that the NRA would be a specialist body bringing the state-of-the-art technology and best practices to the field of Central Government recruitment.

Shri. Kishor Rungta has assumed charge as Chairman of Fertilisers Association of India, Southern Region [19 Aug 2020]

Shri. Kishor Rungta, CMD, The Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Ltd(FACT) has assumed charge as Chairman of Fertilisers Association of India, Southern Region (FAI SR).

Rakesh Asthana appointed as Director General of BSF [17 Aug 2020]

The appointments Committee of the Cabinet headed by PM Modi approved the appointment of Rakesh Asthana as the Director General o the Border Security Force (BSF).

Walter Roger Martos Ruiz becomes new President of Peru [12 Aug 2020]

The former defence minister and retired army general Walter Roger Martos Ruiz becomes the new president of Peru.

Russia becomes first country to approve a COVID-19 vaccine [11 Aug 2020]

Russia had become the first country in the world to grant regulatory approval to a COVID-19 vaccine after less than two months of human testing, a move hailed by Moscow as evidence of its scientific prowess.

Shri Patanjali assumes charge as Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax [10 Aug 2020]

Senior Indian Revenue Service officer Shri. Patanjali has assumed charge as Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax, Mumbai. Prior to this, he was holding the post of Director General of Income Tax (Investigation Wing), Bengaluru for the state of Karnataka & Goa.

Alexander Lukashenko was re-elected as President of Belarus [09 Aug 2020]

Alexander Lukashenko was reelected as President of Belarus for a sixth term in office. President Lukashenko is described by the West as leading an authoritarian dictatorship following consolidation of power after each election since the first one in 1994.

Shri Girish Chandra Murmu assumed office as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India [08 Aug 2020]

Shri Girish Chandra Murmu assumed office as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. He belongs to Indian Administrative Service of Gujrat cadre (1985 batch). Shri Murmu succeeds Shri Rajiv Mehrishi, who demitted office on 8th August 2020. Prior to this, Shri Murmu was the first Lieutenant Governor of Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir.

Prof. (Dr.) Pradeep Kumar Joshi takes oath as Chairman, UPSC [07 Aug 2020]

Prof. (Dr.) Pradeep Kumar Joshi, presently Member, Union Public Service Commission, took the oath of office and secrecy as Chairman, Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The oath was administered by Shri Arvind Saxena, outgoing Chairman of the Commission.

Defence Institute of Advanced Technology wins first prize in Smart India Hackathon-2020 [06 Aug 2020]

Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) Pune, an autonomous organization under the Department of Defence Research & Development, DRDO, won 1st prize in Smart India Hackathon (SIH)-2020. The SIH-2020, the 36-hour non-stop digital product building competition was a national level competition for software edition organized jointly by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) held during 1-3 August 2020 at Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology (NIET), Uttar Pradesh. The DIAT student team “Age of Ultron” which comprised of six members under the guidance of Dr. Sunita Dhavale, won the 1st Prize of Rupees 1 Lakh for solving problem statement MS331 in the category of software posed by the Madhya Pradesh Government. The team provided the solution titled “DRISHTI” for the face, expression and gesture recognition using Artificial Intelligence.

Dr. Irfan M.. Ali sworn in as Guyana's new President [03 Aug 2020]

Dr. Irfan M Ali was sworn in as Guyana's ninth executive president on August 3rd, 2020 shortly after declaration that the People's Progressive Party(PPP) had won the March 2 General and Regional Election.

UAE becomes first Arab nation to produce Nuclear energy [01 Aug 2020]

The UAE is the first Arab country to produce nuclear energy, after it was announced on August 1, 2020 that Unit 1 of the Abu Dhabi baed Barakah nuclear power plant is now operational. Commercial operations of the reactor are expected to begin later this year and will help power business and homes across the nation using clean energy.

Kezang D Thongdok gets Dada Saheb Phalke Award 2020 [28 Jul 2020]

Arunachal Pradesh filmmaker Kezang D Thongdok was honoured with the Dada Saheb Phalke Award 2020 for Chi Lupo, a short documentary on honey hunting largely practise in the Shertukpen community in the state.

India-European Union Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation renewed for next five years (2020-2025) [25 Jul 2020]

India and European Union have renewed its Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation for the next five years (2020-2025). This has been done by exchange of Note Verbale between two sides. The Agreement was initially signed in on 23 November 2001 and renewed two times in past in 2007 and 2015. This will expand the cooperation in scientific and technological research strengthen the conduct of cooperative activities in areas of common interest and application of the results of such cooperation to their economic and social benefit. Cooperative activities may take the forms of reciprocal participation of Indian research and European research entities in research, technological development, and demonstration projects under each other programme. India & the European Union agreed to renew the Agreement on Scientific cooperation for the next five years, 2020-2025, at the 15th India-EU Summit, a virtual one which was led by Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi from India’s side. The European Union delegation was headed by European Council President Charles Michel and President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen.

Grant of Permanent Commission to Women Officers in Indian Army [23 Jul 2020]

Ministry of Defence has issued the formal Government Sanction Letter for grant of Permanent Commission (PC) to Women Officers in the Indian Army, paving the way for empowering Women Officers to shoulder larger roles in the organisation. The order specifies grant of PC to Short Service Commissioned (SSC) Women Officers in all ten streams of the Indian Army i.e Army Air Defence (AAD), Signals, Engineers, Army Aviation, Electronics and Mechanical Engineers (EME), Army Service Corps (ASC), Army Ordnance Corps (AOC), and Intelligence Corps in addition to the existing streams of Judge and Advocate General (JAG) and Army Educational Corps (AEC). In anticipation, the Army Headquarters had set in motion a series of preparatory actions for conduct of the Permanent Commission Selection Board for affected Women Officers. The Selection Board will be scheduled as soon as all affected SSC Women Officers exercise their option and complete requisite documentation. The Indian Army is committed to provide equal opportunities to all personnel including Women Officers to serve the Nation.

P. C. Kandpal appointed as MD & CEO, SBI General Insurance [23 Jul 2020]

Prakash Chandra Kandpal has been appointed as the Managing Director(MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of SBI General Insurance.

Turkmenistan Becomes 25th Country with observer status in World Trade Organization (WTO) [22 Jul 2020]

Turkmenistan became the 25th country which was granted observer status in the World Trade Organization(WTO) enabling the nation to establish permanent residence at WTO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland and monitor its proceedings.

Environmental activist Greta Thunberg wins first Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity [20 Jul 2020]

Young Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg was awarded the first Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity. The award carries a €1,000,000 prize and the entire amount would be donated by Thunberg to project and organisations "fighting for a sustainable world". The Gulbenkian Prize "aims to recognize people, groups of people and/or organizations from all over the world whose contributions to mitigation and adaptation to climate change stand out for its novelty, innovation, and impact".

Consumer Protection Act, 2019 comes into force [20 Jul 2020]

The Consumer Protection Act,2019 comes in to force from 20th July 2020. The Act includes establishment of the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers.

Consumer Protection Act, 2019 comes into force [20 Jul 2020]

The Consumer Protection Act,2019 comes in to force from 20th July 2020. The Act includes establishment of the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers.

Ossouka Raponda Appointed as Gabon’s First Woman Prime Minister [16 Jul 2020]

The President of African country Gabon, Ali Bong Ondimba, on July 16, 2020, appointed Rose Christian Ossouka Raponda as the country’s first woman Prime Minister. Ossouka Raponda, 56, was promoted from the defence ministry and takes over from Julien Nkoghe Bekale, who was appointed Prime Minister in January 2019. She is an economist by training who graduated from the Gabonese Institute of Economy and Finance, specialising in public finance.

India gets its First Indigenous Pneumonia Vaccine [15 Jul 2020]

India on July 15, 2020 got its first indigenous pneumonia vaccine along with an apex drug regulator granting market approval for Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine developed by Serum Institute of India. Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) looked at the evidence from human trials to allow the first fully indigenously developed Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine for marking in India. Serum Institute first obtained the approval of DCGI to conduct Phase I, Phase II and Phase III clinical trials of the vaccine.

World's Most Affordable COVID-19 Diagnostic Kit Corosure Developed by IIT Delhi [15 Jul 2020]

Union Human Resource Development Minister, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal(Nishank) e-launched the World’s most affordable RT-PCR based COVID-19 diagnostic kit developed by IIT Delhi. The Corosure Kit has been developed indigenously and is much cheaper than other kits. The kit has received ICMR approval with the highest score and DCGI approved with a very high sensitivity and specificity.

Russia first nation to finish human trials for Covid vaccine [13 Jul 2020]

Russia has become the first nation to complete clinical trials of COVID-19 vaccine on humans, and the results have proven the medication's effectiveness. Chief researcher Elena Smolyarchuk, who heads the Center for Clinical Research on Medications at Sechenov University, told Russian news agency TASS that the human trials for the vaccine have been completed at the university and they will be discharged soon.

PM Shri Narendra Modi dedicated Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Power project to the Nation [10 Jul 2020]

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi dedicated to the Nation the Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Power project to the Nation via video conference. It is Asia's largest power project.

Cabinet approves Central Sector Scheme of financing facility under 'Agriculture Infrastructure Fund' [08 Jul 2020]

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to a new pan India Central Sector Scheme-Agriculture Infrastructure Fund. The scheme shall provide a medium - long term debt financing facility for investment in viable projects for post-harvest management Infrastructure and community farming assets through interest subvention and financial support. Under the scheme, Rs. One Lakh Crore will be provided by banks and financial institutions as loans to Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS), Marketing Cooperative Societies, Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), Self Help Group (SHG), Farmers, Joint Liability Groups (JLG), Multipurpose Cooperative Societies, Agri-entrepreneurs, Startups, Aggregation Infrastructure Providers and Central/State agency or Local Body sponsored Public Private Partnership Project Loans will be disbursed in four years starting with sanction of Rs. 10,000 crorein the current year and Rs. 30,000 crore each in next three financial years.

Cabinet approves developing of Affordable rental housing Complexes for urban migrants / poor [08 Jul 2020]

The Union Cabinetchaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for developing of Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (AHRCs) for urban migrants / poor as a sub-scheme under Pradhan MantriAwasYojana – Urban (PMAY U) by: xisting vacant government funded housing complexes will be converted in ARHCs through Concession Agreements for 25 years. Concessionaire will make the complexes livable by repair/retrofit and maintenance of rooms and filling up infrastructure gaps like water, sewer/ septage, sanitation, road etc. States/UTs will select concessionaire through transparent bidding. Complexes will revert to ULB after 25 years to restart next cycle like earlier or run on their own. Special incentives like use permission, 50% additional FAR/FSI, concessional loan at priority sector lending rate, tax reliefs at par with affordable housing etc. will be offered to private/ public entities to develop ARHCs on their own available vacant land for 25 years.

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between CBDT and SEBI signed [08 Jul 2020]

A formal Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) for data exchange between the two organizations. The MoU was signed by Smt. Anu J. Singh, Pr. DGIT (Systems), CBDT and Smt. Madhabi Puri Buch, Whole Time Member, SEBI in the presence of senior officers from both the organizations via video conference. The MoU will facilitate the sharing of data and information between SEBI and CBDT on an automatic and regular basis. In addition to regular exchange of data, SEBI and CBDT will also exchange with each other, on request and suo moto basis, any information available in their respective databases, for the purpose of carrying out their functions under various laws.The MoU comes into force from the date it was signed and is an ongoing initiative of CBDT and SEBI, who are already collaborating through various existing mechanisms. A Data Exchange Steering Group has also been constituted for the initiative, which will meet periodically to review the data exchange status and take steps to further improve the effectiveness of the data sharing mechanism.

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World Health Organization (WHO)

Founded on: 7 April 1948. Head Quarter: Geneva, Switzerland Director-General: Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus Member Country: 194 WHO began when our Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day. We are now more than 7000 people from more than 1 →

What is Bitcoin?

In 2009, an unknown programmer by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto put forward a whitepaper that proposed a creation of new form of digital currency - cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency functions the same way as regular currencies do in that its used as a means of exchange, unit of account and a store of va →

Medical Council of India (MCI)

Headquarter: New Delhi Function of the Organization: The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications →

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