Current Affairs 2022

Chile Gets its Youngest President at 35 [20 Dec 2021]

Former leftist student leader Gabriel Boric will be the youngest President of Chile, a South American country following his historic victory in the country's presidential runoff election late in December 2021. At 35, Boric will be the nation's youngest leader and by far its most liberal since President Salvador Allende, who died by suicide during the 1973 coup.

Rishabh Pant named Uttarakhand's brand ambassador for sports and general health [19 Dec 2021]

The Uttarakhand government named India wicket keeper Rishabh Pant as the state's brand ambassador for promoting sports and general health. Uttarakhand chief minister Pushkar Singh Dhami called up Pant and shared his vision before getting him on board.

UK signs free trade deal with Australia [18 Dec 2021]

The UK has signed a free trade deal with Australia which it says will benefit consumers and businesses. It is described as the first post-Brexit deal negotiated from scratch and not "rolled over" from trade terms that the UK enjoyed while in the EU. The government estimated it would unlock £10.4bn of additional trade while ending tariffs on all UK exports. However, some UK farmers have expressed concern that they could be undercut by cheap imports. The government said the deal was also a gateway into the fast-growing Indo-Pacific region and would boost the UK's bid to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership, one of the largest free trade areas in the world. Australia has also praised the deal, its second-largest trade contract with another country.

New generation ballistic missile ‘Agni P’ successfully test-fired by DRDO [18 Dec 2021]

Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully tested the new generation nuclear-capable ballistic missile ‘Agni P’ from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam island off the coast of Odisha at 1106 hrs on December 18, 2021. Various telemetry, radar, electro-optical stations, and down-range ships positioned along the eastern coast tracked and monitored the missile trajectory and parameters. The missile followed a textbook trajectory meeting all mission objectives with a high level of accuracy. The Agni P is a two-stage canisters solid-propellant ballistic missile with dual redundant navigation and guidance system. This second flight test has proven the reliable performance of all the advanced technologies integrated into the system.

India and Vietnam signed a MoU towards promoting scientific and technical cooperation in marine science and ecology [17 Dec 2021]

Vietnam Natural resources & Environment Minister, Tran Hong Ha today called on Union Minister for Science & Technology, Dr.Jitendra Singh at PrithviBhawan here and discussed ocean and marine-related collaboration during the delegation-level talks between the two countries. The two Ministers also signed the first-ever MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) aimed at promoting scientific and technical cooperation in marine science and ecology and was signed by Dr. JitendraSingh, Union Science & Technology Minister on behalf of the Government of India, and Mr. Tran Hong Ha, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) on behalf of Govt of Vietnam. The MoU is the first agreement related to marine science and ecology between the two countries.

PM Modi Honoured With Bhutan's Highest Civilian Award [17 Dec 2021]

Bhutan conferred its highest civilian award Ngadag Pel gi Khorlo to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of the country's National Day.

Miss Universe India, Harnaaz Sandhu, Crowned 70th Miss Universe in Global Anniversary Television Event [12 Dec 2021]

Miss Universe India Harnaaz Sandhu was crowned Miss Universe live on FOX and Telemundo from Eilat, Israel. Harnaaz will use her @me as Miss Universe to advocate for menstrual equity through public administration.

Dubai Becomes World's 1st 100% Paperless Govt. [10 Dec 2021]

Dubai became the world's first government to turn 100 per cent paperless, the announce¬ment was made by the United Arab Emirate (UAE) Crown Prince, Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.

UN Appoints Catherine Russell as Executive Director of UNICEF [10 Dec 2021]

The United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Antonio Guterres appointed Catherine Russell as the Executive Director of United Nations Inter¬national Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). Russell succeeds Henrietta Fore, who resigned in July 2021. Russell, a lawyer, has worked in Democratic politics since the mid-1980s. She is an assistant to US President Joe Biden and she also heads the White House Office of Presidential Personnel. She served as the State Department's Ambassador-at-large for global women's issues from 2013 to 2017.

Olaf Scholz Appointed as German Chancellor; Succeeds Angela Merkel [08 Dec 2021]

The Parliament of Germany, appointed Olaf Scholz (63) as die 9th post-World War II Chancellor of Germany succeeding Angela Merkel who retired from her services after 16 years (since 2005) of tenure as Chancellor. The ceremony of the same took place at the Chancellery in Berlin, Germany.

Cabinet approves Ken-Betwa Interlinking of Rivers Project [08 Dec 2021]

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the funding and implementation of the Ken-Betwa inter-linking of rivers project. The total cost of the Ken-Betwa link project has been assessed at Rs.44,605 crore at 2020-21 price levels. The Union Cabinet has approved central support of Rs.39,317 crore for the project, covering a grant of Rs.36,290 crore and a loan of Rs.3,027 crore. The project will pave the way for more interlinking of river projects in India and also showcase to the world our ingenuity and vision. This project involves the transfer of water from the Ken to the Betwa River through the construction of the Daudhan Dam and a canal linking the two rivers, the Lower Orr Project, Kotha Barrage -and Bina Complex Multipurpose Project. The project will provide annual irrigation of 10.62 lakh ha, drinking water supply to a population of about 62 lakhs, and also generate 103 MW of hydropower and 27 MW solar power. The Project is proposed to be implemented in 8 years with state-of-the-art technology.

The Project will be of immense benefit to the water-starved Bundelkhand region, spread across the states of MP and UP. This project will provide enormous benefits to the districts of Panna, Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Sagar, Damoh, Datia, Vidisha, Shivpuri, and Raisen of Madhya Pradesh and Banda, Mahoba, Jhansi & Lalitpur of Uttar Pradesh.

Successful Flight Test of Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile [07 Dec 2021]

Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile was successfully flight tested by Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha. The launch was conducted from a vertical launcher against an electronic target at a very low altitude. The flight path of the vehicle along with health parameters was monitored using a number of tracking instruments deployed by ITR, Chandipur. All sub-systems performed as per expectation.

Honduras elects its First Female President - Xiomara Castro [07 Dec 2021]

Iris Xiomara Castro Sarmiento, a Presidential candidate won the Presidential election of Honduras, after defeating her close competitor, Nasry Asfura in the General Election. She succeeds previous President Juan Orlando Hernandez. With this victory, Xiomara became the first female president of Honduras. Xiomara Castro, a former 1st woman of Honduras, is the wife of Manuel Zelaya, who ruled the country from 2006 to 2009.

India Re-elected to International Maritime Organisation Council for 2022-23 [06 Dec 2021]

India was re-elected to Internatio¬nal Maritime Organisation (IMO) Council for the 2022-23 biennium under category B states. The Assembly of the International Maritime Organisation has elected the Members of the Council for the 2022-23 biennium. The Council is the executive organ of IMO and is responsible, under the Assembly for supervising the work of the Organisation. The Council performs the functions of the Assembly except for making recommendations to Governments on maritime safety and pollution prevention.

21st India – Russia Annual Summit [06 Dec 2021]

President of the Russian Federation, H.E. Mr. Vladimir Putin, paid a working visit to New Delhi on 06 December 2021 for the 21st India – Russia Annual summit with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. President Putin was accompanied by a high-level delegation. Bilateral talks between Prime Minister Modi and President Putin were held in a warm and friendly atmosphere. The two leaders expressed satisfaction at the sustained progress in the ‘Special and Privileged Strategic Partnership’ between both countries despite the challenges posed by the Covid pandemic. They welcomed the holding of the first meeting of the 2+2 Dialogue of Foreign and Defence Ministers and the meeting of the Inter-Governmental Commission on Military & Military-Technical Cooperation in New Delhi on 6 December 2021.

Global Hunger lndex 2021 [03 Dec 2021]

As per the Global Hunger Index 2021 report prepared by 'Welthungerhilfe' and 'Concern Worldwide', India’s score is 27.5 and it has ranked 101 among 116 countries. Global Hunger Index is based on four indicators - Undernourishment, Child Stunting, Child Wasting, and Child Mortality. Global Hunger Index (GHI) does not reflect India’s true picture as it is a flawed measure of 'Hunger'. It should not be taken at face value as it is neither appropriate nor representative of hunger prevalent in a country. Out of its four indicators, only one indicator, i.e., undernourishment, is directly related to hunger. The two indicators, namely, Stunting and Wasting are outcomes of complex interactions of various other factors like sanitation, genetics, environment, and utilisation of food intake apart from hunger which is taken as the causative/outcome factor for stunting and wasting in the GHI. Also, there is hardly any evidence that the fourth indicator, namely, child mortality is an outcome of hunger.

Rajya Sabha Passes The Landmark Dam Safety Bill (2019) [02 Dec 2021]

The Rajya Sabha passed the landmark Dam Safety Bill (2019), paving the way for the enactment of the Dam Safety Act in the country. The Union Minister of Jal Shakti Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat had introduced the bill in Rajya Sabha on 1st December 2021. The Dam Safety Bill (2019) was passed by the Lok Sabha on 2nd August 2019. After China and USA, India is the 3rd largest dam-owning nation in the world. There are around 5,700 large dams in the country, of which about 80% are already over 25 years old. Nearly 227 dams that are over 100 years old are still functional. Although India’s track record of dam safety is at par with that of the developed nations, there have been instances of unwarranted dam failures and of poor maintenance issues. The Dam Safety Bill provides for adequate surveillance, inspection, operation, and maintenance of all the large dams in the country so as to prevent dam failure-related disasters. The Bill provides for an institutional mechanism at both Central and State levels to address structural and non-structural measures required for ensuring the safe functioning of dams.

Lt Gen Manoj Kumar Mago takes over as NDC Commandant [30 Nov 2021]

Lieutenant General Manoj Kumar Mago took over as the 34th Commandant of National Defence College (NDC), New Delhi from Air Marshal D Choudhury who superannuates on November 30, 2021. Lt Gen Manoj Kumar Mago is an alumnus of the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun. He was commissioned into the elite 7th Battalion Brigade of the GUARDS on December 15, 1984, and later commanded 16 GUARDS.

Women's Ballon d'Or: Alexia Putellas wins award for being best female footballer in 2021 [30 Nov 2021]

Barcelona captain Alexia Putellas won the Women's Ballon d'Or, awarded to the best female footballer in 2021. Putellas, 27, scored as Barca beat Chelsea 4-0 to secure their first Champions League crown. She ended the 2020-21 season as the highest-scoring midfielder in Europe with 26 goals in all competitions and was also named Uefa's Women's Player of the Year and Midfielder of the Year. Team-mate Jennifer Hermoso came second, with Chelsea striker Sam Kerr third.

Barbados becomes a republic and parts ways with the Queen [30 Nov 2021]

Barbados has officially removed Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and become the world's newest republic. In an overnight ceremony in the capital, Bridgetown, Dame Sandra Mason was sworn in as president. The Prince of Wales and Barbadian singer Rihanna attended the event, which coincided with the country's 55th anniversary of independence. The new era for Barbados ends Britain's centuries of influence, including more than 200 years when the island was a hub for the transatlantic slave trade. Dame Sandra Mason, 72, the island's governor-general since 2018, was named as president-elect of the nation following a vote in parliament last month. She now replaces the Queen as the head of state.

Magdalena Andersson - Sweden's first female PM [30 Nov 2021]

Sweden's first female prime minister has been reappointed to the top job after political turmoil forced her to resign within hours of taking the post last week. MPs backed Social Democratic Party leader Magdalena Andersson by a narrow margin in a new vote. She will attempt to lead a one-party government until an election in September next year.

Vivianne Miedema named BBC Women's Footballer of the Year 2021 [29 Nov 2021]

Netherlands and Arsenal striker Vivianne Miedema has been named BBC Women's Footballer of the Year 2021. Miedema, who came second behind England defender Lucy Bronze for the 2020 award, is both the Netherlands and Women's Super League all-time leading goalscorer. The 25-year-old also broke the record for most goals scored at a single Olympic Games at Tokyo 2020. Australia and Chelsea forward Sam Kerr came second and Spain and Barcelona midfielder Alexia Putellas third.

Ballon d'Or: Lionel Messi wins award as best player in world football for seventh time [29 Nov 2021]

Lionel Messi helped his country win the Copa America, his first international honour, and has scored 40 goals in 2021 - 28 for Barcelona, four for Paris St-Germain and eight for Argentina. Bayern Munich and Poland striker Robert Lewandowski came second, Chelsea and Italy midfielder Jorginho was third and Real Madrid's French striker Karim Benzema finished fourth.

Kerala based start-up wins two prestigious awards at National level [29 Nov 2021]

A Kerala-based medical technology start-up has been adjudged the winner of Startup India Grand Challenge 2021 in the medical device category of the Government of India. Sascan Meditech, the start-up incubated at the SCTIMST-TIMed the Technology Business Incubator of Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for MedicalSciences & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), received a Cash grant of INR 15,00,000 at the Grand Challenge organized by Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt of India along with Startup India and Investindia.org. The award was announced by Mr. Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Ayog, after a rigorous evaluation process, and “Sascan” was selected from among 310 start-ups that took part in the grand challenge. Sascan Meditech has developed OralScan, a handheld device for early, accurate, and cost-effective detection of pre-cancerous lesions in the mouth. It is a biophotonics technology-based device, and the results of clinical trials have been published in a scientific journal. OralScan was launched in October 2020 and has reached eight states in India.

Constitution Day on 26th November celebrated in the Central Hall of Parliament House [26 Nov 2021]

Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav is an initiative of the Government of India to celebrate and commemorate the 75 years of progressive India and the glorious history of its people, culture, and achievements. As part of this Mahotsav, India is celebrating Constitution Day on 26th November with great fervour and gaiety in the Central Hall of Parliament House.

Prime Minister lays foundation stone of Noida International Greenfield Airport at Jewar, Uttar Pradesh [25 Nov 2021]

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Noida International Greenfield Airport at Jewar, Uttar Pradesh. Noida International Airport is planned in 1334 hectares area at Jewar in the Yamuna Expressway International Development Authority (YEIDA) notified area of district Gautam Budhha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh. The airport will be strategically located at about 72 km from Indira Gandhi International Airport, about 52 kilometers from Noida, about 130 kilometers from Agra, and about 90 kilometers from Multi-Modal Logistics Hub at Dadri. The project will be implemented by Noida International Airport Limited (NIAL), which is a joint-venture company. UP Government will hold a share of 37.5 percent in the company. Other stakeholders are Noida - 37.5 percent, Greater Noida – 12.5 percent, and YEIDA – 12.5 percent. The project will be completed in 4 phases. As per the Concession Agreement, the first phase for 12 million passengers per annum is to be completed and made operational within 1095 days from the appointed date by 29.9.2024. The airport is strategically located with excellent approach roads in all directions. There is a 100 meter wide Yamuna Expressway connecting Greater Noida to Agra. The 100-meter wide Western Peripheral Expressway passes through Yamuna Expressway at Formula-1 Track connecting Palwal, Manesar, Ghaziabad, Baghpat, and Meerut.

Fourth Submarine of Project-75 Ins Vela Commissioned At Naval Dockyard, Mumbai [25 Nov 2021]

INS Vela, the fourth submarine in the series of six submarines of Project-75, was commissioned in the presence of Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of the Naval Staff. The formal commissioning ceremony took place at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai. The Scorpene Class submarines are being built in India by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) Mumbai, under collaboration with M/s Naval Group (earlier DCNS), France. The commissioning of the 4th in a class submarine is a major milestone achieved today. INS Vela would form part of the Western Naval Command’s Submarine fleet and would be another potent part of its arsenal. The Scorpene submarines are extremely potent platforms, they have advanced stealth features and are also equipped with both long-range guided torpedoes as well as anti-ship missiles. These submarines have a state-of-the-art SONAR and sensor suite permitting outstanding operational capabilities. They also have an advanced Permanent Magnetic Synchronous motor (PERMASYN) as its propulsion motor. The delivery of Vela is yet another affirmation of the impetus being given by the Indian Navy towards consolidating its position as a ‘Builder’s Navy’ as also indicative of MDL’s capabilities as a premiership and submarine building yard. The commissioning of the submarine is coinciding with ‘Azaadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’ and ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ celebrations.

India, ADB sign $300 million loan to improve primary health care in India [24 Nov 2021]

The Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) yesterday signed a $300 million loan to strengthen and improve access to comprehensive primary health care in urban areas of 13 states that will benefit over 256 million urban dwellers including 51 million from slum areas. Mr. Rajat Kumar Mishra, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs in the Ministry of Finance, signed for the Government of India the agreement for Strengthening Comprehensive Primary Health Care and pandemic preparedness in Urban Areas Program while Mr. Takeo Konishi, Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission, signed for ADB. After signing the loan agreement, Mr. Mishra said that the programme supports the Government of India’s key health initiatives - Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWC) and Pradhan Mantri Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana (PM-ASBY) - which has been renamed as Pradhan Mantri Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (PM-ABHIM) - by expanding availability and access to quality primary health care services particularly for vulnerable populations in urban areas.

Mithali Raj retains 3rd spot among batters, Jhulan second among bowlers in ICC ODI rankings [23 Nov 2021]

India captain Mithali Raj retained her number three spot among batters while her veteran compatriot Jhulan Goswami maintained her second position among bowlers in the ICC women’s ODI rankings. Raj, who has 738 rating points to her kitty, is behind Lizelle Lee (761) of South Africa and Alyssa Healy (750) of Australia as there was no change in the top-10 batters from the previous rankings. Another India batter Smriti Mandhana also remained on the sixth spot with 710 points.

UNESCO-ABU Peace Media Awards 2021 - Doordarshan and All India Radio [22 Nov 2021]

In yet another remarkable feat that has showcased the world Prasar Bharati’s excellence in quality content creation, TV and Radio shows produced by Doordarshan and All India Radio respectively got multiple awards at the recently held ABU - UNESCO Peace Media Awards 2021 at Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. Doordarshan’s programme 'DEAFinitely Leading the Way' won an award under the ‘Living Well with Super Diversity’ category, while All India Radio’s progra?mme??? ‘Living on the edge – The coastal lives’? ??won another award in the category of ‘Ethical & Sustainable Relationship with Nature’. The awards were given by UNESCO in collaboration with Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) under ‘Together for Peace’ (T4P) initiative. The award-giving ceremony was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on November 17, 2021. More than a hundred inspiring stories of individuals and communities were received from 33 countries across 5 continents. The competition was open for Radio, TV, and digital platforms.

Career Scope in Print Media

Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines, and newsletters. They hold informative and entertaining content that is of general or special interest. They are published either once or d →

World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF)

Foundation Date: September 11, 1961 Headquarter: Gland (Switzerland) President & CEO: Carter Roberts Member Countries: All the countries of the world WWF was established in 1961 by a group of passionate and committed individuals who sought to secure the funding necessary to protect places and →

What is Bitcoin?

In 2009, an unknown programmer by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto put forward a whitepaper that proposed a creation of new form of digital currency - cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency functions the same way as regular currencies do in that its used as a means of exchange, unit of account and a store of va →

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

Headquarter: New Delhi Function and Objective of the Organization: The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)has been established under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which consolidates various acts & orders that have hitherto handled food-related issues in various Ministries →