Worlds Organizations

United Nations Organization (UNO)

History of United Nation The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942. In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Organization officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 Oct

World Health Organization (WHO)

Founded on: 7 April 1948. Head Quarter: Geneva, Switzerland Director-General: Dr Margaret Chan Member Country: 194 WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collective defence agai

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Foundation Date: June 7, 2002 Headquarter: Shanghai Member Countries: 6 Secretary General: Dmitry Fedorovich Mezentsev Observer States: Afganistan, India, Iran, Pakistan, Mongolia The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation creation of which was proclaimed on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan. Its prototype is the Shanghai Five mechanism. The main goals of the SCO are st

Organisation of The Islamic conference (OIC)

Foundation Date: 1969 Headquarter: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Secretary-General: Mr. Iyad Ameen Madani Member Countries: 57 The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world. The Organization

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Foundation Date: September 1959 Headquarter: Vienna (Austria) Secretary-General: Abdalla Salem El-Badri Member Countries: 12 The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The five Founding Members were later joined by nine other Members: Qatar (1961);Indonesia (1962) – suspended its membership from January 2009;Libya (1962);United Arab Emirates (1967);Algeria (1969);Nigeria (1971);Ecuador (1973) – suspended its membership

World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF)

Foundation Date: September 11, 1961 Headquarter: Gland (Switzerland) President: Yolanda Kakabadse Member Countries: All the countries of the world In 1961, a limited number of organizations around the world—such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and The Conservation Foundation—were trying to meet conservation needs, but were desperately short of funds. The first call for broad support was the Morges Manifesto, signed in 1961 by 16 of the world’s leading conservationists, including biologist and African wildlife enthusiast Sir Julian Huxley,

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Foundation Date: 1 January 1995 Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland Director General: Roberto Azevêdo Member Countries: 159 members on 2 March 2013 The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business. The WTO is run by its member governments. All major decisions are made by the membersh

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

Foundation Date: 1950 Headquarter: Geneva President: David Grimes. Member Countries: 191 The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources. WMO has a membership of 191 Member States and Territories (on 1 January 2013). It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. Established in 1950, WMO became the

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Foundation Date: December 8, 1985 Headquarter: Kathmandu Secretary-General: Mr. Arjun Bahadur Thapa Member Countries: 8 The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established when its Charter was formally approved on 8 December 1985 by the Heads of State or Government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Afghanistan became a member of SAARC during the Fourteenth SAARC Summit held in Delhi, India in April 2007. Until 2009 China, Japan, Republic of Korea, USA, Iran, Mauritius, Australia, Myanmar and the European Union have joined SAARC as O

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)

Foundation Date: February 1947 Headquarter: Switzerland President: Terry Hill Member Countries: 163 The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) story began in 1946 when delegates from 25 countries met at the Institute of Civil Engineers in London and decided to create a new international organization ‘to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards’. In February 1947 the new organisation, ISO, officially began operations. Since then,we have published over 19 500 International Standards covering almost all aspects of technology and manufacturi

Career Scope in Print Media

Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines and newsletters. They hold informative and entertaining content that is of general or special interest. They are published either once or daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly or quarterly. Print Media is the oldest form of media. But even today it is growing from strength to strength. Around 4000 small, medium and large newspapers and magazines across the county are registered with the Registrar of Newspapers every year. This indicates that it is a growing sector where employment opportunities are increasing with each passing day. Most of the young aspirants who want to enter the print media prefer reporting, but newspapers and magazines also seek young talent as photographers, artists, editors, computer experts, librarians, and cartoonists. Students who have writing ability, graphics or photo skills, curiosity and deter →

2018 Filmfare Awards Winner

63rd Filmfare Awards ceremony, presented by the Filmfare Magazine, honored the best Hindi language Indian films of 2017. The ceremony was held on 20 January 2018 at the NSCI Dome in Worli, Mumbai. Winner of the 63rd Jio Filmfare Awards 2018 Best Film Hindi Medium Critics' Award for Best Film Newton Best Actor In A Leading Role (Female) Vidya Balan for Tumhari Sulu Best Actor In A Leading Role (Male) Irrfan Khan for Hindi Medium Critics' Award for Best Actor (Male) Rajkummar Rao for Trapped Critics' Award for Best Actor (Female) Zaira Wasim for Secret Superstar Best Director Ashwiny Iyer Tiwari for Bareilly Ki Barfi Best Debut Director Konkona Sensharma for A Death in the Gunj Best Actor In A Supporting Role (Male) Rajkummar Rao for Bareilly Ki Barfi Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Female) Meher Vij for Secret Superstar Best Dialogue Hitesh Kewalya for Shubh Mangal Saavdhan Best Screenplay Shubhashish Bhutiani for Mukti Bhavan Best Original Story Amit Masurka →

What is Bitcoin?

In 2009, an unknown programmer by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto put forward a whitepaper that proposed a creation of new form of digital currency - cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency functions the same way as regular currencies do in that its used as a means of exchange, unit of account and a store of value. Cryptocurrency, just like other resources, has some demand for it, and subsequently a market price. The significant difference is Bitcoin’s intangibility - there is no bank-issued notes or papers - meaning that rather being used in hand-to-hand transactions, Bitcoins are stored and exchanged digitally within a decentralized, peer-to-peer network. The original Bitcoin software developed by Satoshi Nakamoto was released under the MIT license. Most client software, derived or "from scratch", also use open source licensing. Bitcoin is one of the first successful implementations of a distributed crypto-currency, described in part in 1998 by Wei Dai on the cypherpunks mailing list. Building →

Genetically Modified Food or Crops

Genetic Modification Genetic modification refers to techniques used to manipulate the genetic composition of an organism by adding specific useful genes. A gene is a sequence of DNA that contains information that determines a particular characteristic/trait. All organisms have DNA (genes). Genes are located in chromosomes. Genes are units of inheritance that are passed from one generation to the next and provide instructions for development and function of the organism. Crops that are developed through genetic modification are referred to as genetically modified (GM) crops, transgenic crops or genetically engineered (GE) crops. Over the last 30 years, the field of genetic engineering has developed rapidly due to the greater understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as the chemical double helix code from which genes are made. The term genetic engineering is used to describe the process by which the genetic makeup of an organism can be altered using “recombinant DNA technology.” This →

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