Current Affairs 2019

Technology for detecting contamination in water [02 Aug 2018]

National Centre for Compositional Characterisation of Materials (NCCCM), has developed visual detection kits for detection of Fluoride, Chromium (VI) and Iron. The detection can be done in 5 minutes. Portable Visual Kits for detection of Fluoride, Chromium and Iron have been developed and technology for indigenous manufacturing of these kits is transferred to six private entrepreneurs and product is available in the market. In all detection kits developed, reagents kept inside different bottles are to be added to the water sample. Reagents are added and mixed for two minutes. Within 5 minutes, colour develops in the top layer, the intensity of colour is compared with a colour chart by visual inspection to obtain the concentration range of contaminant in water. Iron Contamination detection kit is at advanced stage of development and very soon will be available to private entrepreneurs.

Ballistic Missile Interceptor AAD Successfully Flight Tested [02 Aug 2018]

DRDO conducted the successful test of the Ballistic Missile Interceptor Advanced Area Defence (AAD)  from Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha. The endo-atmospheric missile, capable of intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25 kms was launched against multiple simulated targets of 1500 km class ballistic missile. One target among simultaneously incoming multiple targets was selected on real time, the weapon system radars tracked the target and the missile locked on to it and intercepted the target with a high degree of accuracy. The complete event including the engagement and interception was tracked by a number of electro-optical tracking systems, radars and telemetry stations. All the mission objectives were successfully met.

2018 Nobel Prize in Physics [02 Aug 2018]

American scientist Arthur Ashkin, French engineer Gérard Mourou and Canadian professor Donna Strickland have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in the field of laser physics. Dr. Ashkin has been awarded the Prize “for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems”. Dr. Mourou and Dr. Strickland have been awarded “for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.” The inventions being honoured this year have revolutionised laser physics. Extremely small objects and incredibly rapid processes are now being seen in a new light. Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications.

President of India Presents Outstanding Parliamentarian Award for the years 2013-2017 [01 Aug 2018]

The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, presented the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award for the years 2013-2017 in New Delhi. The President congratulated all those being conferred with the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award – Smt Najma Heptulla, Shri Hukmdev Narayan Yadav, Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Shri Dinesh Trivedi and Shri Bhartruhari Mahtab.

LIC to acquire controlling stake of IDBI Bank [01 Aug 2018]

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved conveying of no objection to reduction in Government of India shareholding in IDBI Bank Limited to below 50% by dilution. It has also approved acquisition of controlling stake by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) as promoter in the bank through preferential allotment / open offer of equity, and relinquishment of management control by the Government in the bank.

HSBC names Rosha as India CEO [31 Jul 2018]

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) has appointed Surendra Rosha as Chief Executive Officer for HSBC India. Mr. Rosha succeeds Jayant Rikhye, who is taking leave of absence for medical reasons. The appointment is subject to regulatory approvals.

Johnson wins Canadian Open [30 Jul 2018]

World No.1 Dustin Johnson rebounded from a shock early exit at the British Open Golf to capture the Canadian Open Golf title for his third victory of 2018.

Sourabh Verma wins Russian Open [30 Jul 2018]

Former national champion Sourabh Verma pulled off a come-from-behind win over Japan’s Koki Watanabe in the summit clash to claim his first title of the season at the USD 75,000 Russia Open Tour Super 100 tournament in Vladivostock.

Chhetri, Kamala get AIFF honours [23 Jul 2018]

Sunil Chhetri has been declared the 2017 Player of the Year by the All India Football Federation (AIFF). Chhetri was the undisputed winner for his domestic and international performances and excellent conduct on and off the field. The Woman Player of the Year award was given to Kamala Devi.

Lakshya Sen stuns World No 1 to bag badminton gold in Asian Junior Championships [22 Jul 2018]

Lakshya Sen become the third Indian shuttler after PV Sindhu and Gautam Thakkar to win a gold medal at the Junior Asian Championships. The gold medal win is Sen’s biggest win in his career as the world number nine became the first Indian to win the medal at the competition in six years. He also became the first individual in 53 years to win the medal in men’s singles event.

France lift second World Cup after winning classic final 4-2 [16 Jul 2018]

France won the World Cup for the second time by ending battling Croatia's dream of a first title with a 4-2 victory in one of the most entertaining and action-packed finals for decades.

Novak Djokovic wins fourth Wimbledon title and 13th major [16 Jul 2018]

Novak Djokovic raced to a fourth Wimbledon title and 13th career Grand Slam crown when he defeated a battling but exhausted Kevin Anderson 6-2, 6-2, 7-6 (7/3).

India inaugurates largest visa centre in Bangladesh [15 Jul 2018]

The new integrated state-of-the-art Indian Visa Application Centre (IVAC) spread in an 18,500 square feet commercial area at Jamuna Future Park in Dhaka will replace all the existing centres.

Angelique Kerber wins Wimbledon 2018 [15 Jul 2018]

Angelique Kerber blew away Serena Williams 6-3, 6-3, ending the American’s imperious run in this tournament to become the Wimbledon women's singles champion. Kerber is the first German woman to win Wimbledon singles since Steffi Graf in 1996

President Ram Nath Kovind has nominated four members for Rajya Sabha [14 Jul 2018]

President Ram Nath Kovind has nominated farmer leader Ram Shakal, professor and author Rakesh Sinha, sculptor Raghunath Mohapatra and dancer Sonal Mansingh to the Rajya Sabha.

India become world’s 6th largest economy [13 Jul 2018]

India has beaten four big economies to secure its position as the world's sixth largest economy, pipping France this year as per World Bank report. The country will likely beat the United Kingdom by the end of this year if the GDP growth continues its 7% plus trajectory. In 2014, India was at the 10th spot, behind the United States, China, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdon, France, Brazil, Italy, and Russia. With a consistent GDP 7% plus growth, except in the financial year 2017-18, India left behind France, Brazil, Italy, and Russia.

Hima Das scripts history [12 Jul 2018]

Hima Das scripted history by becoming the first Indian woman to win a gold at the IAAF World Under - 20 Athletics Championships. She won India’s first-ever gold as she posted time of 51.46 seconds in 400 metres in women’s final at IAAF World Under-20 Athletics Championships.

DC Raina appointed as Advocate General of Jammu and Kashmir [11 Jul 2018]

Governor N N Vohra on Wednesday appointed senior advocate DC Raina as advocate general of Jammu and Kashmir.

Dipa Karmakar wins gold at the Gymnastics World Cup [09 Jul 2018]

Ace gymnast Dipa Karmakar, who missed the Rio Olympics bronze medal by a whisker, took the women’s vault gold medal and claimed the fourth place in balance beam in the Mersin World Challenge Cup.

Justice A.K. Goel is appointed as the Chairman of NGT [06 Jul 2018]

Supreme Court ex-judge Justice A.K. Goel is appointmented as the Chairman of National Green Tribunal.The post of the NGT chairperson had been lying vacant for over six months, since the retirement of justice Swatanter Kumar on 20 December last year.

Tata project bags Bharat Net’s Rs. 3,057 cr. project [06 Jul 2018]

Tata Projects announced that it has bagged a Rs. 3,057 crore optical fibre cable network project in Chhattisgarh from Bharat Net. The project, which will benefit about 2.6 crore people of the state, involves the laying of optical fibre network that follows ring architecture with Internet Protocol-Multi Protocol Label Switching (IP-MPLS) technology.

ISRO’s first ‘pad abort’ test successful [05 Jul 2018]

The first 'pad abort' test critical for a future human space mission was conducted successfully on morning 5th July 2018, the Indian Space Research Organisation has announced. The test was conducted at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. The Pad Abort Test demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad. Describing it as a major technology demonstrator the space agency said the PAT (pad abort test) is the first in a series of tests to qualify a crew escape system technology of a manned mission in the future.

Cabinet approves renaming of Agartala Airport, Tripura [04 Jul 2018]

The Union Cabinet has given its approval to rename the Agartala Airport in Tripura as ‘Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore Airport, Agartala. The decision comes in the wake of the long pending demand of people of Tripura as well as the Tripura Government for paying tribute to Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore.

Angela Ponce becomes first transgender model to be crowned Miss Spain [03 Jul 2018]

Angela Ponce has become the first-ever transgender woman to be crowned Miss Universe Spain. She will be seen competing in the coveted Miss Universe pageant later this year. Ponce’s crowning can be deemed iconic, especially since it comes six years after the Miss Universe organisation put an end to the ban on transgender contestants in the competition.

Andrés Manuel López Obrador won the Mexican Presidential election [03 Jul 2018]

Andrés Manuel López Obrador won the Mexican presidency with a large margin on 1st July 2018. Known as AMLO, he was born in 1953 in a small village to a family of modest means in the southeastern state of Tabasco. He worked for the state’s Indigenous Affairs Bureau in the 1970s, and began his political career by joining the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and became the Tabasco state president for the party.

The Centre has appointed Saraswati Prasad as CMD of Steel Authority of India [02 Jul 2018]

The Centre has appointed Saraswati Prasad as CMD of Steel Authority of India (SAIL). In terms of the order of the Government of India, Saraswati Prasad, Special Secretary and Financial Advisor, Ministry of Steel, Government of India has taken over the additional charge of the post of chairman and managing director of SAIL on 1 July, 2018.

Rahul Dravid inducted into ICC’s Hall of Fame [02 Jul 2018]

Former India captain Rahul Dravid and Australian legend Ricky Ponting have been inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame for their stupendous achievements in international cricket. Dravid became the fifth player from India to be named in the elite list. The others are Bishan Singh Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Anil Kumble. Ponting is the 25th Australian to receive the honour.

Australia win Champions Trophy Hockey 2018 [01 Jul 2018]

Australia defeated India in the final of the 37th and last edition of the Champions Trophy Hockey 2018 in Breda, Netherlands. Australia bagged their 15th (the highest ever) Champions Trophy title - having won the title in 1983, 1984, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1999, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2016.

World Bank to provide up to $480 million to aid Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh [29 Jun 2018]

The World Bank would provide up to $480 million in grant-based support to Bangladesh to address the needs of Rohingya refugees including health, education, water, sanitation and social protection. The World Bank’s board approved a $50 million grant to add to an existing health-sector support project in Bangladesh, the first in a series that could total $480 million. The health-sector grant included contributions based on a partnership between Canada and the World Bank’s International Development Association arm. It will help Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh receive maternal, neonatal, infant, child, and adolescent health and nutrition services, reproductive healthcare and family planning support.

Sunil Mittal becomes honorary chairman of International Chamber of Commerce [22 Jun 2018]

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) named Bharti Enterprises’ chairman Sunil Bharti Mittal as honorary chairman after his two-year long tenure as the chairman comes to an end. Mittal, who is being replaced by Unilever Chief Executive Paul Polman, will step down as the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) chair on June 21, 2018.

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United Nations Organization (UNO)

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What is Bitcoin?

In 2009, an unknown programmer by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto put forward a whitepaper that proposed a creation of new form of digital currency - cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency functions the same way as regular currencies do in that its used as a means of exchange, unit of account and a store of va →

Medical Council of India (MCI)

Headquarter: New Delhi Function of the Organization: The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications →

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