The Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India has launched a new programme known as "Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana" (SGSY) by restructuring the existing schemes namely :
- Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
- Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM)
- Development of Women & Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
- Supply of Improved Toolkits to Rural Artisans (SITRA)
- Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY)
- Million Wells Scheme (MWS)
The SGSY Scheme is operative from 1st April 1999 in rural areas of the country. SGSY is holistic Scheme covering all aspects of self-employment such as organization of the poor into Self Help Groups, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing. The scheme will be funded by the financial institutions, Panchayat Raj Institutions, District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs), Non Government Organisation (NGOs), Technical institutions in the district; will be involved in the process of planning, implementation and monitoring of the scheme. NGO’s help may be sought in the formation and nurturing of the Self Help Groups (SHGs) as well as in the monitoring of the progress of the Swarozgar is. Where feasible their services may be utilized in the provision of technology support, quality control of the products and as recovery monitors cum facilitators.
The scheme aims at establishing a large number of micro enterprises in the rural areas. The list of Below Poverty Line (BPL) households identified through BPL census duly approved by Gram Sabha will form the basis for identification of families for assistance under SGSY. The objective of SGSY is to bring assisted family above the poverty line within three years by providing them income generating assets through a mix of bank credit and Government subsidy. The rural poor such as those with land, landless labour, educated unemployed, rural artisans and disable are covered under the scheme.
The assisted families known as Swarozgaris can be either individuals or groups and would be selected from BPL families by a three member team consisting of Block Development Officer ¸ Banker and Sarpanch.
SGSY will focus on vulnerable section of the rural poor. Accordingly the SC/ST will account for at least 50%, Women 40% and the disabled 3% of those assisted.