History of Indian Cinema

India's first film "Raja Harischandra", a silent movie was first screened at Bombay's (Mumbai) Coronation Theater on May 3, 1913. It was made by Dadasaheb Phalke, the father of Indian Cinema. It was Phalke who introduced India to world cinema at a time when working in films was restricted by social customs. After the success of his film 'Raja Harishchandra', several filmmakers in Bombay and Madras began making silent films. By the mid 1920s, Madras had become the epicenter for all film related activities. Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu, S S Vasan, A V Meiyappan set up production houses in Madras to shoot Telugu and Tamil films.

The silent era came to an end when Ardeshir Irani produced his first talkie, 'Alam Ara' in 1931. If Phalke was the father of Indian cinema, Irani was the father of the talkie. The talkies changed the face of Indian cinema. Apart from looks, the actors not only needed a commanding voice but also singing skills, as music became a defining element in Indian cinema. The first talkie films in Bengali (Jamai Shasthi), Telugu (Bhakta Prahlad) and Tamil (Kalidass) were released in the same year.

In 1945 came 'Kismet' starring Ashok Kumar which became one of the biggest hits in the history of Indian cinema. A close relationship between epic consciousness and the art of cinema was established. It was against this backdrop that filmmakers like V.Shantaram, Bimal Roy, Raj Kapoor and Mehboob Khan made their films. In the meantime, the film industry had made rapid strides in the South, where Tamil, Telugu and Kannada films were taking South India by storm. By the late 1940s, films were being made in various Indian languages with religion being the dominant theme. 1940s to late 1950s was also the golden era of music. Shankar Jaikishan, O.P. Nayyar, Madan Mohan, C. Ramchandra, Salil Chaudhury, Naushad, S.D. Burman - all had their distinctive style. All of them has given us lot of most unforgettable melodies. Till then Indian Cinema is dominating in world panorama.


Source: DD News

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