Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose popularly known as Netaji (Respected Leader), a firebrand revolutionary and freedom fighter. Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack. Subhash Chandra studied at Presidency College (now Presidency University), Calcutta (Kolkata), from which he was expelled in 1916 for nationalist activities, and the Scottish Churches College (graduating in 1919). He then was sent by his parents to the University of Cambridge in England to prepare for the Indian Civil Service. In 1920 he passed the civil service examination, but in April 1921, after hearing of the nationalist turmoils in India, he resigned his candidacy and hurried back to India.

Subhash Chandra joined the noncooperation movement started by Mohandas K. Gandhi, who had made the Indian National Congress a powerful nonviolent organization. He soon came under the spell of two great Indians, Swami Vivekananda and Deshbandhu Chitta Ranjan Das. He held prominent positions as President of the All India Trade Union Congress, Mayor of Calcutta (now Kolkata) and President of the Indian National Congress. In 1939, he was resigned from the President of the Indian National Congress and create his own party 'Forward Bloc' because of the lack of Gandhi’s support.

On July 5, 1943, he assumed leadership of the Indian Independence League in East Asia and formed and proceeded with Japanese aid and influence, to form a trained army of about 40,000 troops in Japanese-occupied Southeast Asia to liberate India from foreign yoke. On Oct. 21, 1943, Bose proclaimed the establishment of a provisional independent Indian government, and his so-called Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj), alongside Japanese troops, advanced to Rangoon and thence overland into India, reaching Indian soil on March 18, 1944, and moving into Kohima and the plains of Imphal. In a stubborn battle, the mixed Indian and Japanese forces, lacking Japanese air support, were defeated and forced to retreat.

One of his most famous declarations was "Tum mujhe khoon do mai tumhe azadi doonga (Give me blood and I will give you freedom)". Another famous quote was Dilli Chalo ("On to Delhi)". This was the call he used to give the INA armies to motivate them. Jai Hind, or, "Glory to India" was another slogan used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces. Another slogan coined by him was "Ittefaq, Etemad, Qurbani" (Urdu for "Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice"). He is believed to have died in an air crash in 1945.

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