Dr Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, also known as Rajen Babu, was an Indian politician, lawyer, and independence activist who played a significant role in India's freedom struggle. He was born on December 3, 1884, in the state of Bihar, India, and passed away on February 28, 1963, in Patna, Bihar. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a visionary leader and the first President of independent India.

Early Life and Education

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born into a large joint family in Zeradei, a small village in Bihar. His father Mahadev Sahai was a scholar of Sanskrit and Persian. From an early age, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was interested in academics and went on to pursue his education at prestigious institutions such as Presidency College in Calcutta, the University of Calcutta, and the University of Allahabad, where he completed his Doctorate in Law.

Entrance into the Indian Freedom Struggle

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was one of the few educated people of his time who was deeply involved in the Indian freedom struggle. He was an ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi and played a key role in many of his movements, including the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and the Quit India movement in 1942. He was also a member of the Constituent Assembly, which drafted the Indian Constitution.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad as a Leader

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a brilliant leader who believed in the power of the masses. He was a part of the Indian National Congress and served as its President from 1943 to 1949. He also played a crucial role in the formation of the Bihar Vidyapeeth, an educational institution aimed at promoting Indian culture and traditions.

Role in the Constituent Assembly of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad played a significant role in the Constituent Assembly, which drafted the Indian Constitution. He was one of the 15 members of the drafting committee and was responsible for the incorporation of fundamental rights in the Constitution.

Appointment as President of India

After India gained independence in 1947, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was appointed as the first President of India, a position he held for two terms, from 1950 to 1962. As President, he played a pivotal role in shaping the young nation and establishing its democratic principles.

Contributions as President of India

During his tenure as President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad made significant contributions to the nation. He was an advocate for social justice, and his policies aimed at uplifting the marginalized and disadvantaged sections of society. He also played an important role in strengthening India's relations with other nations and establishing the country as a prominent player on the world stage.

Later Life and Legacy

After completing his term as President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad retired from politics and returned to his hometown of Patna. He continued to work for the betterment of society and was involved in various social and educational initiatives. His legacy as a great freedom fighter and leader lives on, and he is remembered as one of the most prominent figures of India's independence movement.

Awards and Recognition

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was honored with several awards and recognitions for his contributions to the nation. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1962, a year before his retirement as President. The government of India also issued a postage stamp in his honor in 1965.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad's Family

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was married to Rajvanshi Devi in 1917, and the couple had three children - two sons and a daughter. His eldest son, Mrityunjay Prasad, was a noted journalist, while his younger son, Madan Mohan, was a politician.

Conclusion

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a visionary leader and a great freedom fighter who dedicated his life to the service of the nation. His contributions to the Indian independence movement and his role in shaping the young nation as its first President are unparalleled. Dr. Rajendra Prasad will always be remembered as a symbol of courage, integrity, and selfless service.

FAQs

Q. What is Dr. Rajendra Prasad's legacy?
A. Dr. Rajendra Prasad is remembered as a great freedom fighter and leader who played a significant role in India's independence movement and established the nation's democratic principles.

Q. What was Dr. Rajendra Prasad's role in the Constituent Assembly of India?
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was one of the 15 members of the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly and was responsible for the incorporation of fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution.

Q. What were some of Dr. Rajendra Prasad's achievements as President of India?
A. As President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad worked towards social justice and strengthening India's relations with other nations.

Q. What awards and recognitions did Dr. Rajendra Prasad receive?
A. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1962, a year before his retirement as President.

Q. What were some of Dr. Rajendra Prasad's personal beliefs?
A. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a strict vegetarian and abstained from alcohol and tobacco. He was also an avid supporter of the Swadeshi movement and encouraged the use of indigenous products.

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