Election Commission Of India

An independent Election Commission has been established under the Constitution in order to carry out and regulate the holding of elections in India.

The Election Commission was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January 1950. Originally a Chief Election Commissioner ran the commission, but first in 1989 and later again in 1993 two additional Election Commissioners were appointed.The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections to parliament and state legislatures and to the offices of the President and Vice-President.

The Election Commission prepares, maintains and periodically updates the Electoral Roll, which shows who is entitled to vote, supervises the nomination of candidates, registers political parties, monitors the election campaign, including candidates’ funding. It also facilitates the coverage of the election process by the media, organises the polling booths where voting takes place, and looks after the counting of votes and the declaration of results. All this is done to ensure that elections can take place in an orderly and fair manner.

At present, there are two Election Commissioners appointed by the President. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only by parliamentary impeachment. The Commission decides most matters by consensus but in case of any dissension, the majority view prevails.

Chief Election Commissioners of India

Shri Sushil Chandra13th April 2021 to till date
Shri Sunil Arora01 April 2018 to 12th April 2021
Mr. O. P. Rawat23 January 2018 to 01 December 2018
Sh. A K Joti06 July 2017 to 22 January 2018
Dr. Nasim Zaidi19 April 2015 to 05 July 2017
Mr. Hari Shankar Brahma16th January 2015 to 18 April 2015
V S Sampath10th June 2012 - 15th January 2015
Dr. S. Y. Quraishi30th July 2010 - 10th June 2012
Navin Chawla 2 May 2009 - 30th July 2010
N. Gopalaswamy8 February 2006 - 30 April 2009
B. B. Tandon16 May 2005-07 February 2006
T. S. Krishna Murthy8 February 2004-15 May 2005
J. M. Lyngdoh14 June 2001-7 February 2004
M. S. Gill12 December 1996-13 June 2001
T.  N. Seshan12 December 1990-11 December 1996
Smt V. S. Rama Devi26 November 1990-11 December 1990
R. V. S. Peri Sastri1 January 1986-25 November 1990
R. K. Trivedi18 June 1982-31 December 1985
S. L. Shakdhar18 June 1977-17 June 1982
T. Swaminathan 7 February 1973-17 June 1977
Dr Nagendra Singh1 October 1972-6 February 1973
S. P. Sen Verma1 October 1967-30 September 1972
K. V. K. Sundaram20 December 1958-30 September 1967
Sukumar Sen21 March 1950-19 December 1958

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