Interior Structure Of The Earth

The study of the earth's interior is the subject of Geology, Since, the interior part of the earth is not visible directly, knowledge about it is gathered through indirect means. The earth as a whole has been divided into 3 broad zones - Crust, Mantle and Core.

The Crust

The Average thickness of this upper most layer of the earth is about 30 km. The average density of the upper crust is 2.8 and that of the lower crust is 3.0. This difference in density is believed to be due to the pressure. This discontinuity in density between upper crust and lower crust is known as 'conrad discontinuity'. Silica and Allumunium are the main constituent elements of the crust. Therefore, it is also know as the SIAL.

The Mantle

At the lower end of the crust the speed of the seismic waves increases suddenly and reaches upto 7.9 to 8.1 km/sec. This results into a discontinuity between the upper mantle and the lower crust, which shows a change in the density of the rocks. This discontinuity was discovered in 1909 by a Russian scientist A. Mohorvicie, therefore, it is named after him as 'Mono-discontinuity'. The mantle extends UPPER MANTLE" upto a depth of about 2900 km from the Moho-discontinuity,. Silica and Magnesium are the major constitutiing elements of this layer, hence it is also called SIMA.

Between 100 km to 200 km depth of the upper mantle, the velocity of the seismic waves is slowed down to 7.8 km/sec. Therefore, this zone is is known as the 'Zone of Low Velocity'. The discontinuity in density between upper mantle and lower mantle is known as Repetti discontinuity.

The Core

At the lower end of the lower mantle the velocity of the P waves suddenly increases to 13.6 km/sec. This shows as sudden change in the density of the rocks resulting into a type of discontinuity, known as 'Weicher Gutenber Dscontinuity'. It is divided into two parts Outer core and inner core. S waves cannot penetrate into the outer core. The density of the core is more than the double of the density of the mantle. In the inner core where the density is at its maximum, the velocity of the P waves is 11.23 km/sec because of its relatively liquid or semiliquid state due to excessive temperature but because of too much pressure it is in semi-liquid or plastic state. It's main constituens are nickel and iron, so it is also known as NIFE.

Career Scope in Print Media

Print media are lightweight, portable, disposable publications printed on paper and circulated as physical copies in forms we call books, newspapers, magazines and newsletters. They hold informative and entertaining content that is of general or special interest. They are published either once or da →

United Nations Organization (UNO)

History of United Nation The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942. In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organiza →

What is Bitcoin?

In 2009, an unknown programmer by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto put forward a whitepaper that proposed a creation of new form of digital currency - cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency functions the same way as regular currencies do in that its used as a means of exchange, unit of account and a store of va →

Medical Council of India (MCI)

Headquarter: New Delhi Function of the Organization: The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications →

  • Contribute to our Site

    If you contribute your content to our site. Please mail us your content to editor@onlinegk.com

Follow us on Social Media

Follow us on Facebook
Follow us on Google Plus
Follow us on Twitter