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Current Affairs 2017

Rohan Bopanna and Pablo Cuevas win Monte Carlo Masters doubles crown

India’s Rohan Bopanna and his Uruguayan partner Pablo Cuevas lifted the men’s doubles crown at the Monte Carlo Masters after registering a hard- fought three-set win over Spain’s Feliciano Lopez and Marc Lopez in Monaco.

Employment News

Aeronautical Development Agency, Bangalore www.ada.gov.in invites applications for Project Assistant 01 post Refer website or Employment News dated 25-31 March 2017...

What are the Child Rights?

Who is a Child?

Article 1 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child says, a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

What is the Convention on the Rights of the Child?

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, often referred to as CRC or UNCRC, is an international convention setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. Nations that ratify this international convention are bound by it by international law.

The Convention- on the Rights of the Child defines basic rights of children covering multiple needs and issues. India endorsed it on December 11, 1992. Following are a few rights in the immediate purview.

The right to Education: 50% of Indian children aged 6-18 do not go to school Dropout rates increase alarmingly in class III to V, its 50% for boys, 58% for girls.

The right to Expression: Every child has a right to express himself freely in which ever way he likes. Majority of children however are exploited by their elders and not allowed to express.

The right to Information: Every child has a right to know his basic rights and his position in the society. High incidence of illiteracy and ignorance among the deprived and underprivileged children prevents them from having access to information about them and their society.

The right to Nutrition: More than 50% of India's children are malnourished. While one in every five adolescent boys is malnourished, one in every two girls in India is undernourished.

The right to Health and Care: 58% of India's children below the age of 2 years are not fully vaccinated. And 24% of these children do not receive any form of vaccination. Over 60% of children in India are anemic. 95 in every 1000 children born in India, do not see their fifth birthday. 70 in every 1000 children born in India, do not see their first birthday.

The right to protection from Abuse: There are approximately 2 million child commercial sex workers between the age of 5 and 15 years and about 3.3 million between 15 and 18 years. They form 40% of the total population of commercial sex workers in India. 500,000 children are forced into this trade every year.

The right to protection from Exploitation: 17 million children in India work as per official estimates. A study found that children were sent to work by compulsion and not by choice, mostly by parents, but with recruiter playing a crucial role in influencing decision. When working outside the family, children put in an average of 21 hours of labour per week. Poor and bonded families often "sell" their children to contractors who promise lucrative jobs in the cities and the children end up being employed in brothels, hotels and domestic work. Many run away and find a life on the streets.

The right to protection from Neglect: Every child has a right to lead a well protected and secure life away from neglect. However, children working under exploitative and inhuman conditions get neglected badly.

The right to Development: Every child has the right to development that lets the child explore her/his full potential. Unfavourable living conditions of underprivileged children prevents them from growing in a free and uninhibited way.

The right to Recreation: Every child has a right to spend some time on recreational pursuits like sports, entertainment and hobbies to explore and develop. Majority of poor children in India do not get time to spend on recreational activities.

The right to Name & Nationality: Every child has a right to identify himself with a nation. A vast majority of underprivileged children in India are treated like commodities and exported to other countries as labour or prostitutes.

The right to Survival: Of the 12 million girls born in India. 3 million do not see their fifteenth birthday, and a million of them are unable to survive even their first birthday. Every sixth girl child's death is due to gender discrimination.

International Indian Film Academy Awards 2016

The 2016 IIFA Awards, officially known as the 17th International Indian Film Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the International Indian Film Academy honouring the best Hindi films of 2015, took place on 25 June 2016. The official ceremony took place on 25 June 2016 in IFEMA, Madrid, Spain. Best Film Bajrangi Bhaijaan Best Direction Sanjay Leela Bhansali for Bajirao Mastani Best Actor Ranveer Singh for Bajirao Mastani Best Actress Deepika Padukone for Piku Best Actor in a Supporting Role Anil Kapoor for Dil Dhadakne Do Best Actress in a Supporting Role Priyanka Chopra for Bajirao Mastani Best Male Debut Vicky Kaushal for Masaan Best Female Debut Bhumi Pednekar for Dum Laga Ke Haisha Best Performance in a Comic Role Deepak Dobriyal for Tanu Weds Manu Returns Best Performance in a Negative Role Darshan Kumar for NH10 Best Story Juhi Chaturvedi for Piku IIFA Award for Woman of the Year Priyanka Chopra Best Music Direction Amaal Mallik, Meet Bros Anjjan, Ankit Tiwari for ...

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What is Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)?

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an international body, which comprehensively assesses increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the worlds and passes that information on to policymakers through its reports. Why is it in news? Along with former U.S. Vice President Al Gore, the IPCC has been awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to educate the public on the threat of global warming and for creating an informed consensus about its connection with human activities. When and why was it set up? The World Meteorological organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the IPCC in 1988 to assess scientific and socio-economic information relevant to increasing our understanding about climate change, its potential impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation. How does it function? It is an intergovernmental body that is open to all member countries of the UNEP and of WMO. The Panel meets in plenary sessions about once a y ...

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Genetically Modified Food or Crops

Genetic Modification Genetic modification refers to techniques used to manipulate the genetic composition of an organism by adding specific useful genes. A gene is a sequence of DNA that contains information that determines a particular characteristic/trait. All organisms have DNA (genes). Genes are located in chromosomes. Genes are units of inheritance that are passed from one generation to the next and provide instructions for development and function of the organism. Crops that are developed through genetic modification are referred to as genetically modified (GM) crops, transgenic crops or genetically engineered (GE) crops. Over the last 30 years, the field of genetic engineering has developed rapidly due to the greater understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as the chemical double helix code from which genes are made. The term genetic engineering is used to describe the process by which the genetic makeup of an organism can be altered using “recombinant DNA technology.” This ...

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Career Scope in Advertising Industry

Advertising world has led to the emergence of many new roles within the advertising profession. In the new edge of ad world, advertising goes beyond its conventional approach. For the non-conventional and conventional advertising approach, Industry requires well groomed people who can develop innovative and creative new idea. Flexibility and competence is must for the industry as the Ad World is highly creative as well as dynamic. Advertising careers are diverse and can run across a variety of departments, offering positions in the fields of creative departments, production, media, and research. The ultimate goal is to meet the client’s goals of increasing sales as much as possible. Public relations services are often involved with businesses, governments, and institutions and can help them make effective decisions. Students of an advertising school may choose to pursue a career as a: Advertising Media PlannerMedia ResearcherCreative DepartmentCopywriter/IllustratorAccount PlanningPr ...

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