Minerals And Their Significance To A Human Body

Macro Elements

Calcium(Ca)

Sources: Milk, Cereals, Cheese, Green, Vegetables, Fish, Egg, Meat, etc
Significance: Main component for the formation of teeth and bones, blood clotting, the function of nerves and muscles.
Effects of deficiency: Weak teeth and bones, retarded body growth, children suffered by Rickets.

Phosphorus(P)

Sources: Vegetables, Soybean, Milk, Egg, Fish, Meat, etc.
Significance: Required for formation of teeth and bones, Synthesis of Nucleic acids.
Effects of deficiency: Weak teeth and bones; retarded body growth and physiology, children suffered by Rickets.

Sulphur(S)

Sources: Many proteins of food.
Significance: Component of many amino acids.
Effects of deficiency: Distributed protein metabolism.

Potassium(K)

Sources: Meat, milk, cereals, fruits, and vegetables
Significance: Required for acid-base balance, water regulation, and function of nerves.
Effects of deficiency: Low blood pressure, weak muscles; risk of paralysis.

Chlorine(Cl)

Sources: Table salt
Significance: Required for acid-base balance; component of gastric juice.
Effects of deficiency: Loss of appetite; muscles cramps.

Magnesium(Mg)

Sources: Cereals, green vegetables
Significance: Co-factor of many enzymes of glycolysis and a number of other metabolic reactions dependent upon ATP.
Effects of deficiency: Irregular heartbeat, muscle pain, hysteria.

Iron(Fe)

Sources: Meat, Eggs, Cereals, Green Vegetables, Pulses, Fruits, Fish, etc.
Significance: Main component of hemoglobin.
Effects of deficiency: Anemia, weakness, and weak immunity.

Iodine(I)

Sources: Milk, Cheese, Sea Food, Beat, Salgam
Significance: Important component of Thyroxine hormone and Thyroid Gland.
Effects of deficiency: Goiter, Cretinism.

Sodium(Na)

Sources: Salt, Vegetables, Fish, Eggs, Meat, etc.
Significance: Control function of Heart, Muscles, and Nerves.
Effects of deficiency: Destroy Muscles, Weight Loss, Tiredness.

Micro Elements

Fluorine(F)

Sources: Drinking water, tea, seafood
Significance: Maintenance of bones and teeth.
Effects of deficiency: Weak teeth, larger amount causes a mottling of teeth.

Zinc(Zn)

Sources: Cereals, Milk, eggs, meat, seafood
Significance: Co-factor of digestive and many other enzymes.
Effects of deficiency: Retarded growth, anemia, rough skin, weak immunity, and fertility.

Copper(Cu)

Sources: Meat, dry fruits, pods, green vegetables, seafood.
Significance: Co-factor of cytochrome oxidase enzyme. Necessary for iron metabolism and development of blood vessels and connective tissues.
Effects of deficiency: Anaemia, weak blood vessels, and connective tissues.

Manganese(Mn)

Sources: Dry fruits, cereals, tea fruits, and green vegetables.
Significance: Co-factor of some enzymes of urea synthesis and transfer of phosphate group.
Effects of deficiency: Irregular growth of bones, cartilages, and connective tissues.

Cobalt(Co)

Sources: Milk, cheese, meat.
Significance: Important component of Vitamin B12.
Effects of deficiency: Anaemia

Selenium(SE)

Sources: Meat, cereals, seafood
Significance: Co-factor of many enzymes; assists Vitamin E.
Effects of deficiency: Muscular pain; weakness of cardiac muscles.

Chromium(CR)

Sources: Yeast, seafood, meat, some vegetables
Significance: Important for catabolic metabolism.
Effects of deficiency: Irregularities of catabolic metabolism and ATP production.

Molybdenum(Mo)

Sources: Cereals, pods, some vegetables
Significance: Co-factor of some enzymes.
Effects of deficiency: Irregular excretion of nitrogenous waste products.

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