Minerals And Their Significance To A Human Body

Macro Elements


Sources: Milk, Cereals, Cheese, Green, Vegetables, Fish, Egg, Meat, etc
Significance: Main component for the formation of teeth and bones, blood clotting, the function of nerves and muscles.
Effects of deficiency: Weak teeth and bones, retarded body growth, children suffered by Rickets.


Sources: Vegetables, Soybean, Milk, Egg, Fish, Meat, etc.
Significance: Required for formation of teeth and bones, Synthesis of Nucleic acids.
Effects of deficiency: Weak teeth and bones; retarded body growth and physiology, children suffered by Rickets.


Sources: Many proteins of food.
Significance: Component of many amino acids.
Effects of deficiency: Distributed protein metabolism.


Sources: Meat, milk, cereals, fruits, and vegetables
Significance: Required for acid-base balance, water regulation, and function of nerves.
Effects of deficiency: Low blood pressure, weak muscles; risk of paralysis.


Sources: Table salt
Significance: Required for acid-base balance; component of gastric juice.
Effects of deficiency: Loss of appetite; muscles cramps.


Sources: Cereals, green vegetables
Significance: Co-factor of many enzymes of glycolysis and a number of other metabolic reactions dependent upon ATP.
Effects of deficiency: Irregular heartbeat, muscle pain, hysteria.


Sources: Meat, Eggs, Cereals, Green Vegetables, Pulses, Fruits, Fish, etc.
Significance: Main component of hemoglobin.
Effects of deficiency: Anemia, weakness, and weak immunity.


Sources: Milk, Cheese, Sea Food, Beat, Salgam
Significance: Important component of Thyroxine hormone and Thyroid Gland.
Effects of deficiency: Goiter, Cretinism.


Sources: Salt, Vegetables, Fish, Eggs, Meat, etc.
Significance: Control function of Heart, Muscles, and Nerves.
Effects of deficiency: Destroy Muscles, Weight Loss, Tiredness.

Micro Elements


Sources: Drinking water, tea, seafood
Significance: Maintenance of bones and teeth.
Effects of deficiency: Weak teeth, larger amount causes a mottling of teeth.


Sources: Cereals, Milk, eggs, meat, seafood
Significance: Co-factor of digestive and many other enzymes.
Effects of deficiency: Retarded growth, anemia, rough skin, weak immunity, and fertility.


Sources: Meat, dry fruits, pods, green vegetables, seafood.
Significance: Co-factor of cytochrome oxidase enzyme. Necessary for iron metabolism and development of blood vessels and connective tissues.
Effects of deficiency: Anaemia, weak blood vessels, and connective tissues.


Sources: Dry fruits, cereals, tea fruits, and green vegetables.
Significance: Co-factor of some enzymes of urea synthesis and transfer of phosphate group.
Effects of deficiency: Irregular growth of bones, cartilages, and connective tissues.


Sources: Milk, cheese, meat.
Significance: Important component of Vitamin B12.
Effects of deficiency: Anaemia


Sources: Meat, cereals, seafood
Significance: Co-factor of many enzymes; assists Vitamin E.
Effects of deficiency: Muscular pain; weakness of cardiac muscles.


Sources: Yeast, seafood, meat, some vegetables
Significance: Important for catabolic metabolism.
Effects of deficiency: Irregularities of catabolic metabolism and ATP production.


Sources: Cereals, pods, some vegetables
Significance: Co-factor of some enzymes.
Effects of deficiency: Irregular excretion of nitrogenous waste products.

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